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---SATURDAY, MARCH 15, 1879.

INDUSTRIAL SOHOOLS IN WALES.

THE ZULU MASSACRE AND OUR…

THE THREE WELSHMEN AT ROBKE'S…

RUMOURED RESIGNATION OF HIS…

PROBABLE CLOSING OF THE WAUNTREODA…

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COWBRIDGE.

MAESTEGK

PENTRE-

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GELLIGAER.

THE STRIKE AT MESSRS. BOOKER…

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THE STRIKE AT MESSRS. BOOKER AND OO.'S WORKS. ARRANGEMENTS TO RESUME WORK AT PENTRYOH. Though, in pursuance of their decision to pro- visionally accept the 10 per cent. reduction, the colliers have settled down to their labours again at the Llan Drift, and a considerable number of handa are expected to tesume work at a the Pentryoh forge thia (Mon. day) morning, the general aspect of affairs at Messrs, Booker and Co/a Works is far from satisfactory. The tin.plate workers at Melin- griffith are as determined aa they were at first to resist the reduotion, and appear to be much encouraged by the support promised them by men employed at other tin-works. The sheet iron workers, who form the remainder of the hands at Melingriffith, are stated to have had an interview with the manager on Saturday, the result of which has not transpired. The men of the tin-plate branch, who are in a large majority at Melingriffith, are very hopeful that their com- rades of the sheet-iron department will hold out with them to the last, but, so far, the latter have been backward in expressing an united opinion, nor does it appear that they have taken as ener. getic steps as the tin-plate men to seoure sup- pOrii Ugm ^Imwo iaa U*« Pentyrch, a deputation of the workmen have waited upon the manager, and after informing him of the deoiaion to accept the terms offered until trade revived, it was inti. mated that aa many as possible would be put to work again on Monday. The puddlers appear to have to a great extent yielded to the feeling at Pentyroh in favour of resuming work, though the refiners are said to remain obstinately opposed to concession. In oonsequence of the understanding oome to with the manager the bailers, puddlers, and hammermen have been busy repairing in order to be in readiness fer work to-day. At the Llan Colliery upwards of 200 men were at work on Friday and Saturday, the remainder beiBg unable to commence again until their work. ings have been repaired. A hitch occurred at the outset, owing to some disagreement among the hauliers, but it appears this difficulty was over- come. Under these oiroumstanoes, the most Berious obstacle in the way is the deter- mined attitude of the Melingriffith men, upon whom the Pentyroh hands are, to a certain extent, dependent, in 80 far that the forge is worked simply to supply them with metal, and not for the outside market. Indeed, it has at times been found impossible to turn out a sufficient quantity at the forge to keep the finishers going. and additional supplies have had to be prooured from elsewhere. It ia, therefore, believed that the Pentyroh Works would not run on for any great length of timeâprobably not more than a month or twoâif work at Melingriffith were not resumed. Feeling this, a large number of the Pentyroh men are anxious that a general settlement should be arrived at, and a combined start made, but at Melingriffith the tinplate workers express astonishment and regret that the Pentyroh men should have submitted so tamely. The colliers have a more certain prospact, as it appears that the colliery oan be profitably worked for the ordinary market, and, more over, # It.n. 18 a well-known fact that such ia the fiery nature of the seam that to close the workings for a few months would be a practical abandonment of them. The "squeeze is so great that daily repairs are necessary to kaep the workings in order, and the cessation of work for a few days only laat week allowed the gas to disturb the supports to suoh an extent and caused so many falls that a third of the colliers have had to wait idle while repairs are being done. without which they cannot set to work. It is owing to having a fir8t- rate system of ventilation that the seam can be worked in safety, and it is the opinion of expe- rienced men that such would be the damage done by the gas during a few montha* cessation of work that it would cost more to clear the workings again than to drive another heading. A oolliery in auch a position is of oourBe invaluable to worke of the kind, and it is not likely that under any circumstances the drift would be oloeed. For some time past the output has been about 300 tons a day, and of thia a consider- able portion has gone into the market, being in excess of the consumption at the furnaces and works. A ready sale would no doubt be found for a larger quantity, so that there ia every reason to believe that the colliery will be kept going in. dependently of other considerations. About a dozen of the men, whose workings are not ready for them, have left during the week and obtained work at pitg in other districts, but those at work have already turned out a large quantity of coa]. The general understanding oome to at Pentjrch on Saturday was a subject of satisfac- tion among many of the residents of the locality, who regard with anxiety the issue of the resistance at Melwgxiffith. SUBMISSION OF THE SHEET.IRON WORKEKS In the submission of the sheet-iron workers at Melingriffith to the 10 per cent. reduction, another step haa been taken towards a general resamption of work, though on Monday operations remained at a Btand-still. It was expectod that the men employed at the Pentyroh forge would have gone to work on Monday morning, but suoh was the uncertainty existing with regard to the Melin. giiffith works that the re-commenoeilnent waa deferred fer a few days. On Monday morning a meeting of the sheet-iron hands was held near the Llandaff Station, at which the majority of the men employed were well represented. It was stated that a deputation had waited upon the manager, Mr. Jeffries, last Saturday, when that gentleman informed them that it was imperative upon chem to accept the reduction, and that it was only due to the appeal which he had made to the liquidators by pointing out the distress which would ensue in the district if the works stopped, that they were prevailed upon to keep them on even upon these terms. Another member of the deputation urged that it would be better to go to work subject to the ra- duction than to stcmd idle. He (the speaker) had heard from persons not connected with the works that the reduction could not be avoided, and he believed it was not a question of wages, but oning to tbe liquidation, and that if it waa not enforced the works must atop. He added that last week he saw Mr. Booker, who expressed his opinion that if the men did not take the reduc- tion they would be very ungrateful, seeing that he bad spent his fortune amongst them, but that if they kept on the works would be placed in a much better position in the market" as a going concern, and it might be the means of his again having all interest in them. One of the speakers maintained that it would be very hard upon them to accept the reduction, seeing that during too last three montha the earnings of some of the men had not averaged 12s. per week. After some further discussion, it was proposed that they should accept the reduction and resume work, and an amendment waa proposed to resist. The original motion was carried by 22 votes to seven, and it was resolved to go to work rpon the understanding that those who could find better places should be allowed to leave without giving the usual month's notioe. The re- sult of the meeting having been forthwith com- municated to the manager, Mr. Jeffries sent them word that they oould come to work on Wednesday, and that if any of them wished to leave he would let them off if he eould conveniently do ao. Thia being the understanding, affecting about 60 haade at Melingriffith, it has been arranged at the Pentyroh Works that as many handa aa-eaa be put on ahall also resume work on Wednesday. "NO SURRENDER" OB THB TIN. PLATE WORKERS., At an adjourned meeting of the representatives of the men employed in the tin-plate branch of the Melingriffith Works, held at Llandaff on Tuesday evening, their determination to resist the tOper cent. reduotion was stoutly adhered to. The committee reported, with much satisfaction, that a practical response had already been made to their appeal to the hands employed at other tin works, by the remittance of contributions in aid of the Melingriffith men during their resistance, and other letters had been receivedânot from one locality only, but throughout the trade-promiiing funds for the lame object. Thia ann uncement was received with much applause, and it waa farther stated that additional circulars, ahowing tbe position of affairs, had been forwarded to the tin works not previously communicated with in Scotland, as well as in different parta of South Wales and in Monmoath. shire. The Chairman said this must be aeeepted as a very satisfactory report, and the support they had reoeived would reader it easy for them to decide ae to their future oouue- whether they should submit or go forward upon the prjnoiple of No surrender." (Applause.) Several of the workmen then addressed the meet- ing. The first pointed out that they had assembled to confirm tie resolution come to at their last meeting* Surely they must ail know that their maater* were seeking to plaoe an impoeitiou upon them, and aa their oanse was a just one they Were only doing right to resist it. (Bear, hear.) They had worked for a long time with a great weight upon their shoulders, and had no right to aufterany longer. Their masters were taking a mean advantage of thom, for the1 were «i>titivjrl to an advance rather than a reduction, and, for hia part, he said No Bar- render (Applause.) Another man urged that it wag theu duty to maintain their position to the last, Md, as they had entered upon the reo sistanoe, to go through with it. They had a weight upon their ehouldera, and if they allowed H to take fall hold it would be difficult to shake it off, and he therefore, oottidM them to do their utmost to repel 81 additional burden. (Applraae.) A third speaker said he looked at the question, Mt from a personal point of view, but as out* con. oerning thousands of other workmen who would be prejudioially influenced if the Melingriffith men set the bad preoedent of accepting the reduotion. He believed those were the third oldest works in the trade, and the men were getting a price for their labour lower than waa ever known before and if they acocpted a 10 per cent. reduction it would give the managers of other works as opportunity of saying to their workmen, Ton are doing an inferior class of work to what they turn out at Melingriffith, and yet you are getting more pay for it," and of taking this fact as a precedent tor a reduction. (Hear, hear.) The next speaker observed that it was plainly to be seen that the whole trade depended upon their action £ n the matter, because other masters would follow the example of Mr. Jeffries, who, when the last reduction was imposed upon them, used the argument that lower wages were paid in other places than they were at that time receiving. If the rule were adopted in the trade of bringing one works down to the level of the loweat wage" paid anywhere else, irrespective of the market price, the workmen would soon have nothing at all; and he oontended that they would befooliah to aooept a 10 per cent. redaotion in the face of a rising market, for if they accepted it they would never be able to ahow their faces at any other worka to apply for employment. Everything appeared to be in thair favour in this resistance. Assistance waa promised them from many other plaoee, and he did not see what more they oould expeot. (Hear, hear.) Anoth workman characterised the proposed reduotion aa a notorious affair. It was nnjast and abominable to expeot them to aooept a 10 per oent. reduotion in the face of a market whioh had risen 15 per cent, sinoe the commencement of the year, and when they were labouring 7. per cent. below the wages of other places. The proposal was particularly unreasonable, aa they were doing a muoh better olasa of work than was done in other plaoee. while at other works wages were rising with the flourishing market. Altogether the reduotion was moat unjustifiable, and he voted that they adhere strictly to their decision. Applause.) Several others having strongly advocated an adherence to their present ine of policy, a vote waa taken, and the meeting unanimously reaolved upon No surrender," the deoision of the previous meeting being fully con- firmed. With the exception of the tin.plate workers and the refiners, who still hold out, the hands at the Melingriffith and Pentyroh Works were engaged at their various employments on Thursday, and the revival has given muoh satisfaction to the residents of the district. The tin-plate workers and refiners, who work in oonjunotion, appear to be as determined as ever in their resistance. This (Friday) evening they will hold a meeting to con. sider their oourBe of action. At present the sheet-iron workers are working full time, whioh ia an improvement upon their position before the atrike, when they had for a considerable period been working half time only, but it depends upon the orders reoeived whether the full work oan be ;'I1nNl

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