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THE CRISIS. â cieculak by the pobte. Ihe .forte has issued an important circular to its diplo- matic representatives, in which it declares that, while it is determined to carry out loyally the Treaty of San Stefano, it would regard modifications made by the benevolent intervention of the Powers or the moderation of Russia as opportune. The Porte further pledges itself, no matter what the issue of the current negotiations, to carry out the projected reforms. The semi-official Russian or,-an, the Journal de St. Petersbourg, contends that England is bound either to join the other European Powers in com- mon negotiation, or to propose solutions which she may desire to substitute for the Treaty of San Stefano. The same article declares that, if the Powers can find a com- promise, Russia is prepared to modify the Treaty, pro- vided the cause gained with Russian blood is not disputed and the sacrifices of Russia are taken into consideration.' THE RUSSIANS AND CONSTANTINOPLE. According to the Constantinople correspondent of the Observer, the Russians have made new dispositions of their forces in the vicinity of the Turkish capital, and are u°w threatening Buyukdere and the European shore of tha upper Bosphorus. From more than one source we learn that Russia is also insisting on the immediate evacuation of Varna, Shumla, and Batoum in conformity with the provisions of the Treaty of San Stefano, but that the Porte is temporising and pleading a variety of excuses for delay. The Observer also mentions a report that Rus- sia has conveyed to the Porte a warning that the imme- diate occupation of Constantinople and the complete overthrow of the Ottoman Empir e in Europe would be the penalty attaching to any Turkish assistance rendered to England. THE 0CCUPATIONOF ROUMANIA. The occupation of Roumania by Russian troops is about to form the subject of a vigorous protest addressed to the Great Powers by the Government of Prince Charles, who complain that the forces of the Czar have taken posses- sion of towns halls, schools, and private dwellings, and have, in fact, acted as though they were in an enemy's country. TURKISH MASSACRES. As Athens telegram mentions the receipt of intelligence from Volo that the Turks had burnt two villages and massacred a great number of women and children in Pazazache. Strong Turkish reinforcements are arriving in Thessaly, and several war vessels with troops on board have also arrived off Crete. PRINCE GORTSCHAKOFF'S CIRCULAR. The text of Prince Gortschakoff's circular, to which the document telegraphed the other day was the "Annexe," was published on Thursday, April 11, in the St. Peters- burg official journals. The Russian Chancellor says it would be useful if the British Government would state what its wishes are, in order to arrive at a better under- standing of the situation." A telegram from St. Peters- burg states that an active diplomatic discussion is now going on, under the moderating influence of Germany, with the view of arriving at a pacific understanding, the natural path to which would be a Congress." THE ARMENIANS. .r -y. J_ Monsignor JKJirimian, ex-iratriarch of the Armenians, has arrived in London. He has been entrusted with the task of pleading the cause of the Armenians in Turkey with the great Powers, and has already been received by the French and Italian Govern- ments. Monsignor Khrimian is a native of. Vasbooragan, a province of Armenia, comprising Lake Van and thep fertile plains surrounding it. His services to the people have won for him the surnames of Hairig, the Beloved Father. THE MURDER OF MR. OGLE. The Foreign Office have informed Mr. Ogle, the father of the gentleman who was acting as correspondent of the Times in Thessaly when he was murdered, that the Government have decided to appoint a joint commission of enquiry into the circumstances attending his son's murder. Mr. Consul Blunt has been instructed to proceed to Volo, and, in conjunction with the Turkish representa- tive, to open the commission without loss of time. THE DEFENCES OF CONSTANTINOPLE. The Turks have discontinued, in consequence of the remonstrance of the Grand Duke Nicholas, the defensive works they were constructing near Constantinople. The Porte has also promised to concede to the further demand of the Russian Commander that Schumla and Varna should be evacuated without further delay. It is announced from Constantinople that the arms and ammunition in the arsenals there are to be transferred to Buyukdere and not toScutari, as previously stated. THE RETROCESSION OF BESSARABIA. The Foreign Office published a despatch on Monday night, from which it appears that Prince Gortschakoff, in a telegram to the Russian ambassador in London, had declared the statement that Russia would oppose the article upon Bessarabia being broached at the Congress to be founded on a misunderstanding. Prince Gortschakoff's reply to Lord Salisbury's circular reached the Foreign Office on Saturday. ° AUSTRIAN OCCUPATION OF BOSNIA A^D HERZEGOVINA. A telegram received from Constantinople states that Count Zichy has renewed his proposal to the Porte for an Austrian occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, urging that unless this course be agreed to it will be impossible for the refugees to return to their homes or for security to be established on the frontier. Russia is said to be in favour of the proposal. CONFERENCE OF LIBERAL ASSOCLATTn'xrc! A conference of representatives of Liberal Associations and Clubs in the Northern counties is to be held in Man- chester on April 30, with respect to the crisis in foreign affairs. The circular calling the meeting is signed by the official representatives of Liberal Associations in a large number of towns, and states that as it appears that the vote on the address to the Queen has encouraged the Government to believe that its warlike policy meets the approval of the majority of the nation, it is necessary for Liberals to show that this is not the case, by reiterating their already declared views on the subject. The Daily News points out as worthy of remark that m a parish near Blandford, a petition in favour of peace has been signed by every grown up man and woman. with the exception of one farmer. The petition is headed with the name of the vicar, the Hon. and Rev. A. G. Douglas. A conference of Welsh Calvinistic Methodists, repre- senting 12,600 worshippers, met on Wednesday, April 10th, at Liverpool. They condemned all warlike measures against Russia, and were in favour of a Congress to settle the Turkish difficulty. Count Schouvaloff, (says Vanity Fair) was asked two days ago what he thought of Lord Salisbury's despatch. It is," said he, "an eloquent mausoleum of the Confer- ence." Thf Cronstadt correspondent of the Globe says he has a list of officers designated by the Grand Duke Constantino to proceed to America to purchase and equip privateers to prey upon English commerce in case of war, and that the first intimation England will receive of "the proceedings of the Russian Admiralty will be when officers who have already left Cronstadt form in American ports crews of Finnish sailors summoned by conscription from on board English vessels. The Bishop of Manchester, in the course of his serm»n at the Manchester Cathedral, on Sunday night, April 14th, referred to the prospect of impending war and ex- pressed a fear that if the nation did engage in war it would do so without sufficiently calculating the consequences. It might be. he said, that we required some sharp disci- pline of suffering to bring us back to a healthier moral condition. At a meeting of the Conway (borough) Liberal Associa- tion held on Saturday night, April 13, it was resolved, on the motion of Alderman David Owen (president of the Association), seconded by the Rev. J. Roberts, and sup- ported by Mr. Joseph Jones (vice-chairman of the County District Association), that the thanks of the Association should be given to Mr. Bulkeley Hughes, M.P., the mem- ber for the Carnarvoashire boroughs, for opposing the motion for calling out the reserve forces.