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THE COUNTY ELECTION. Mr Bowen Rowlands, Q.C., the Radical candidate for the county, arrived here by the first train on Saturday morning. He was met at the railway station by a number of the members of the Radical Clubs, and on stepping en the platform was received with great cheering. A procession was formed, headed by the Briton band, and Mr Rowlands was escorted to the Belle Vue Hotel, which he will make his head quarters during the contest. He made a short address, thanking those present for the hearty reception which they had accorded him. On Saturday evening a meeting of Mr Rowlands' supporters was held at the Assembly Rooms, Great Darkgate-street. It was announced for 7.30, and before this hour the room was crammed, and it was determined to commence the proceedings. The plat- form was well filled with members of the two local Radical Clubs, ministers from the town and country, and delegates from various parts of the county. Mr H. C. Fryer, Lodge Park, presided, and briefly intro- duced the candidate. Mr Bowen Rowlands, who was loudly cheered, then entered upon an address which was certainly of a mast taking and plausible character, in the cour.-e of which he thanked Mr Fryer for his introduction to them, but he felt that he did not require any intro- duction to his fellow-countrymen in Wales, where he was born, and amongst whom he had lived, and among whom he had laboured for the last 2t years in the Liberal cause to the best of his ability; and more especially was it unnecessary that he should be intro- duced to an Aberystwyth audience, as he had for four autumns spent part of his time in revising the lists of voters in their town, when he had received such kindness from Conservatives and Liberals that he should ever retain a grateful recollection of his visits (cheers). During the present contest he trusted that no word or act of his would disturb that genial and hearty good feeling which up to that time had existed. Having referred to his journey from London to this town, he proceeded to speak of Mr David Davies's address to the electors, and said that he was sincerely glad to be able to congratulate Mr David Davies on his sudden and somewhat unexpected recovery to good health, for in his address he said, At the urgent request of friends in the county, and being in better health than when I expressed my intention of retiring, I have consented to contest the county as a Liberal Unionist candidate." Mr Davies, as they all knew, had many excellent private qualities, but with all his good qualities he was not exempt from having certain peculiarities, and he had conceived a very great dislike to barristers and lawyers (laughter); that might or might not be well founded (renewed laughter): but as they had been the means of restor- ing Mr Davies to somewhat better health, he hoped that Mr Davies would be more grateful to that very much abused profession in the future (laughter). He also referred to the brevity of Mr Davies's address, and to the dissatisfaction which the Radicals felt with his conduct in the House, after which he proceeded to give his own views as an advanced Liberal upon several questions now before the country. Mr Fryer had told them that the late Parliament was dissolved upon the special question as to whether Mr Glad- stone's policy with regard to Ireland should be adop- ted, or whether they preferred the strange alterna- tives of Lord Salisbury. He expressed his firm I adhesion to Mr Gladstone's Irish policy, and opposed to the coercion policy of the last decade after decade, and ridiculed the idea that the Catholics would tyrannise over the Protestant minority. In regard to the land, he said it was a large question, and if they would do him the honour of returning him to Parliament he thought they would have no occa- sion to complain of the votes he gave with regard to the land bills introduced into the House of Commons; but if they did return him, and had occasion so to complain, he should soon know and feel that he was out of harmony with his constituents, and he should tender his resignation, which resignation he should not rescind (cheers). The Agricultural Holdings Act was a step in the right direction, but it did not 2*0 far enough. Mr Chamberlain had never given a truer aspiration of Liberalism or Radicalism than when he stated that if the poor people of this country, or most of them, who desired to be helped, could only obtain something like a fair share of the necessaries of life, without even going so far as to say luxuries, which were supposed to be the prerogatives of some people in certain situations of life, then they would have the right to say that Radicalism had not existed in vain, and that they had done something to soften the gigantic differences which existed between the various classes of society. He then expressed himself in favour of Mr Broad- hurst's bill, and said their Conservative friends also desired to be thought anxious for some measure in the same direction. Intermediate Education in Wales was also a question which demanded grave consideration, and should receive the support of the member who properly represented them in Parliament (applause). He was in favour of the Welsh language being a voluntary subject to be taught in schools, and he only wished that had been the case in his younger days, because although being bred and born a thorough Welshman, he must confess he could not speak the Welsh language. He also expressed him- self in favour of disestablishment and disendowment of the Church, and concluded by paying a high com- pliment to Mr Gladstone, who was now attempting to carry out what he believed to be the crowning effort of a long and laborious life of that veteran statesman (cheers). Mr Peter Jones proposed a vote of confidence in Mr Bowen Rowlands, Q.C., as a fit and proper per- son to represent the county, and pledging that meet- ing to give him their warmest support to return him to Parliament. Referring to Mr David Davies, he said on behalf of the Liberal Association and the Central Committee of the county, it was with feel- ings of regret that they felt bound to sever their con- nection with that gentleman. He possessed many redeeming qualities, but he was not in touch with those who elected him. In going about the country to advocate the claims of Mr Davies, they did so on the understanding that he was a thorough going Liberal, and the question was whether he had ful- filled their expectations during the past six months. He pointed out that Mr Davies voted against Mr Jesse Collings on the allotments question. He had been told that Mr Davies, since his arrival in Aber- ystwyth, was a supporter of Mr Conybeare's Bill, but he had not given it that support which they had a right to expect. In conclusion, he asked them to return Mr Rowlands with a majority as permanent as on a previous occasion they returned Mr David Davies (cheers). Mr Gibson seconded the proposition, and referred to a private correspondence which had taken place between Mr Davies and himself which justified him in saying that Mr Davies was opposed to Mr Conybeare's bill. Mr J. M. Howell, Aberayron, supported the motion, and said that at a meeting held in Aberayron they had decided by 58 votes against three to support Mr Bowen Rowlands (cheers). Mr Dl. Owen, of New Quay, also spoke in support, which, on being put to the meeting was declared carried, only one voting against, upon which the Chairman suggested that that gentleman should have his picture taken at the public expense (laughter). Mr Bowen Rowlands having thanked them for the vote of confidence, proposed a vote of thanks to the Chairman, which was carried, and Mr Fryer replied. The proceedings then terminated, and everything passed off in a most orderly and quiet manner. A demonstration was made on behalf of Mr Row- lands on Monday afternoon. A four-wheel trap was drawn up in front of the Junior Radical club-house, and shortly afterwards the candidate, accompanied by Mr H. C. Fryer and other supporters, took their seats and were drawn up Great Darkgate-street, down Pier-street, and Little Darkgate-street, and thence to the Terrace, where Mr Rowlands made an address from the balcony of the Belle Vue Hotel. He said that the fight was between those who supported him as the Liberal and those who supported Mr David Davies as the favourer of the Tory cause. It was a battle against union-the union of Mr David Davies and the Tories with which they did not agree. He then dwelt with the Irish question, and then re- ferred to the land question, saying that they did not find that the Tories had ever voluntarily brought forward one single bill to afford relief to the farming and labouring classes of this country. Until the Irish difficulty was settled they would not be able to bring their attention to these great reformations which were necessary in the country, especially with regard to the relations between tenant farmers and landlords. Having referred to Mr David Davies being suddenly restored to health, he spoke of that gentleman's opposition to Mr Jessie Collings's bill, and of his being a follower of Lord Hartington, an amiable gentleman, and an accomplished statesman in some respects. He also slightly touched upon Mr Conybeare's bill, saying there was a long catalogue of grievances which the agricultural and mining labourers were under, and none of which Mr David Davies had attempted to remove. If returned to the Commons House of Parliament he trusted to be able to give a better account of the promises which he made than could be given by the gentleman who had misrepre- sented them. Speeches were also made by Mr Fryer, Mr Gibson, the Rev Job Miles, Rev J. A. Morris, and Mr James James, Pentremawr. At the largest computation there were not more than 500 people- including boys and girls-present, and there was an utter lack of enthusiasm. As an open-air demonstra- tion it was a failure, and must have been very dis- heartening to the Radical candidate. Mr David Davies, the Liberal Unionist candidate, arrived in the town by the 2.30 train on Monday afternoon. at was met at the railway station by a large number of his supporters and friends, and was loudly cheered on his way to the Lion Royal Hotel, where he intends to stay during the election contest. In response to loud calls he came forward on tho balcony of the hotel, and made a short address, in which he severely censured the Home Rule Bill brought in by Mr Gladstone. The meeting at the Belle Vue Hotel being concluded, a large number of the rough element rushed to the Lion, and by their yelling- succeeded in creating some disturbance, upon which Mr Davies and his friends retired. Of the two demonstrations that made on behalf of Mr Davies was by far the most enthusiastic and genuine, and it clearly proved that the old Liberals of the town and country have not lost confidence in their old representative, to whom they intend to remain firm in their allegiance. A meeting in support of Mr Davies's candidature was held on Monday evening in the Assembly Room, Great Darkgate-street, when Mr Davies, Cwri; Mawr, presided. The room was soon filled by, with very few exceptions, voters. Among the exceptions were four or five lads, who were evidently bent on mischief; they commenced a disturbance early in the evening, but were somewhat overawed by the stern demand of Mr Davies's supporters for quietness and peremptory threats to turn them out. On the other hand, the pre- sence of a prominent Radical town councilman had the effect of putting some bravado into them, and they continued at times to be rather troublesome. A Radical crowd also assembled outside the buildiag. and did all in their power by shouting and hooting to frustrate the object of those who promoted the meeting. The Chairman said they were met there as suppor- ters of Mr David Davies, and most of those present no doubt voted for him last autumn. He then touched upon the Home Rule Bill, and said that they really had no time to consider it. It was a very intricate question as to whether they should have a separate parliament for the Irish in Dublin. They should support Mr David Davies because he was a. man who was anxious to do his duty, and not because he wished to be popular. Mr John Bright had said that were it not that Mr Gladstone had brought in the Home Rule Bill not twenty members would have voted for it (cheers). They should have conscien- tious men to represent them, and such a man they had in Mr David Davies had he wished to be popular he would have put popularity before princi- ples. They ought to have a man whom they could trust from home-in London, and in the House of Commons. At the same time Mr David Davies was quite willing to consider any bill which gave a certain amount of power to the Irish as well as to the Scotch and Welsh; it was essential that power should be given in Scotland, in Ireland, and in Wales to manage their minor affairs, so that the House of Commons should have time to give attention to the imperial affairs of the nation, and this power Mr David Davies was prepared to give (loud cheers). He then made some remarks in Welsh tw the same effect, and introduced Mr David Davies, who was loudly cheered. He pro- ceeded to explain what to some of them might appear a little inconsistent. He had no doubt they all remembered a resolution which was passed in this town, some said by six or eight people, calling upon him to follow Mr Gladstone. That resolution was printed, and sent to the House ef Commons, and he was expected to vote for the Home Rule Bill, but he said that he would consult his constituents (loud cheers), and if the bill was to go to the country it was better it should go from the House of Commons than from the House of Lords (cheers). He' pointed out that there were about 68 over and above the Conservative party in Ireland in favour of this bill; but there were 100 Liberals who voted against it, and if one half that number had voted for it he should not be there that night to fight the battle. The passing of that resolution made him angry, and he came there to contest the county on the question. Having referred to the unholy alli- ance whieh was supposed to exist between the Con- servatives and the Parnellites at the last general election, he said they should make- the Irish obey the law as well as they did in Wales (loud cheers). It was very easy to talk about coercion but were not they in Wales coerced if they disobeyed the laws (cheers) ? He spoke of the many horrors to which innocent people in Ireland were subjected, and said there should be some means of putting them down. He was in favour of giving the Irish people every favour, but they must obey the law. He also pointed out that the Home Rule Bill could not become law without the Land Purchase Bill, which meant an additional burden upon the taxpayers of about Jill,000,000 per annum, which Mr Gladstone intended to place upon the people of England, and he expressed the belief that there were not twenty members in the House of Commons who would support the Irish Land Bill. He read from Mr Gladstone's speech at Manchester in support of his statement, where he said that he could not doubt that the Land Bill had been ill received by the country, and he (Mr Davies) pointed out that if he had voted for it, it might have been passed without their having been able to express an opinion upon it (loud cheers). He also referred to Lord Hartington's and Mr Goschen's attitude upon the question, and said that he was quite prepared to take the voice at his constituents upon the question, and if they said that he was to vote for Home Rule he would do so (loud cries of "No, no"). He said that he never went to Parliament with a view of making money, but he went there as their representative, and having done so for so many years were they going to turn him out now ("No, no"). He knew Aberystwyth and the county too well for that (cheers), and he would walk over this time with a larger majority than before (cheers). He then denied that he was not a supporter of Mr Broadhurst's bill, and said that he would support it if it was broader (laughter), and would give them powers for the purpose of buying land for the erection of houses. He also expressed himself in favour of Mr Conybeare's mining bill, pro- viding it exempted collieries, and he did so because he was the half owner of collieries which paid royal- ties amounting to £ 60,000 per annum, and he should be looked upon as a scoundrel if he voted for the con- fiscation of these. He would support any liberal mea- sure dealing with the compulsory letting of these mines, and to give compulsory powers over watercourses, &c. He told them on the last occa- sion that he would not support Mr Jesse Collings's Land Bill, and he was not prepared to do so. He concluded by expressing the greatest confidence that he would be returned by a large majority (loud cheers). Mr J. W. Szlumper said he rose to propose a resolu- tion which he was sure would be carried with acclamation, and in doing so he would like to say a few words. There were large numbers in the room who had forgotten that it was exactly 21 years ago since Mr David Davies fought the first Liberal battle in this county. He remembered it very well, and although they were not then successful, Mr David Davies came before them in a very short time after- wards with the same principles, and he had to that very day carried out those same principles (loud cheers). Had any previous member for Cardigan ever done so much good to the county and town as Mr David Davies has done (" No, no," and loud cheers). Did they think that a lawyer, going to the House of Commons for his own convenience, would do the same ? (" No, no.") Mr David Davies had no professions to serve except their interests. He was not a lawyer, and therefore did not go into the House of Commons, like every lawyer did, for his own benefit., He proposed that having heard the speech and the views of Mr David Davies this meeting approves of his manly and courageous conduct, and are determined to send him back to the new House of Commons with a triumphant majority (great cheering). Mr W. Hughes Jones seconded the proposition, which was put to the meeting, and carried by an over- whelming majority. Professor Brough afterwards addressed the meeting, and dwelt with great ability upon the inpendence and "true liberal spirit which Mr Davies had always dis- played. He also pointed out the great weaknesses of Mr Gladstone's Home Rvle measure, but the darkness setting in it was impossible to take notes. The Rev John Williams also addressed the meet- ing, which was throughout of a most enthusiasiic character.







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