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PRIVILEGE OF PARLIAMENT.

DEATH OF EARL GREY.

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DEATH OF EARL GREY. The death of this agefl peer took place on Thursday evening week, at the family residence, Ilowiek Hall, Northumberland, where he had been staying for the last few months with the countess and some of the junior members of the family. The venerable nobleman was in his 82d year. Som' time since the state of the noble earl's health was such as excited the worst fears of the members of his family, but after a short struggle he rallied, and was once more enabled, though only for a short time, to join the family. His illness, we believe, was owing to an attack of paralysis. lIe continued in rather an improved state up to the tifth instant, when he again appeared to droop. On Wednesday he grew considerably worse, and his extreme age, coupled with the violence of the attack, dispelled all fur- ther hopes of recovery, and he gradually sank; his medical advisers being still it attendance upon him until a late hour on Thursday night, when he expired in the presence of his countess, Viscount Howick (now Earl Grey), the lion. Capt. Grey, and some of the noble earl's domestics. viscout,t Howick had been in attendance at the House of Commons up to Wednesday, on which day he left for Howick House. Colonel Grey, we believe, only arrived on Friday even- ing, so that on his arrival he found that the noble earl had expired. The illness which thus bafHed aL human skill was unaccompanied by excess of pain, and the noble sufferer awaited the approach of his last moments with Christian resignation. The name of Charles Earl Grev is associated with the recol- lections of the great men and the memorable events of the bygone generation, and with the many party struggles and poli- ticians of the day. lie was born March 13, 1704, being son of the first E.lrl Grey, who, when Sir Charles Grey, was a distinguished military commander, hiving served at the memorable battle of Minden, the siege and conquest of Quebec, under Generat Woife. His mjther was the daughter of George (iulz, Esq., of Southwick. He received his education first at Eton and subsequently at King's College, Cambridge. When but 18 he visited the Conti- nent, and made the tour of several of the European states. He returned to his native country in 1780. In the latter mentioned year he was returned to Parliament for the county of Northum- berland, the vacancy having been occasioned by the elevation of Lord Lovaine to the upper house. He had not, however, com- pleted his i 1st year until two or three days previous to that on which he took his seat. n0 almost immediately joined the Whig party then in opposition under Charles Fox. His first speech was deliverell in the debate on Mr. Pitt's commercial treaty with France, and gave presage of the talent by which his tong parliamentary career was subsequently distinguished. The oratorical ability which he displayed on this occasion secured him a foremost position in the house, and during the same session, which was his first, he was named one of the managers in the impeachment of Warren Hastings, and from that time he always took a lea ling part in the debates. In 179 J Mr. Grey became a member of the Whig Club, and shortly afterwards of the great political confederation known as the "Friends of the People," the avowed object of which was to obtain a reform in the system of parliamentary representation. At the head of this formidably association stood the names of the principal members of the Whig party. Mr. Fox, however, declined to enrol his name among them, observing, Though I perceive great and enormous abuses, I do not see the remedy." The society, however, continued to grow in numbers aOlI to in- crease in influence. A series of resolutions, passed at the meet- ings* and a declaration of the principles and objects of the society were printed and extensively circulated. On the 30th of April Mr. Grey gave notice, in the House of Commons, of a motion, which, in the course of the next session, he should submit to the consideration of the house, the object of which was a reform in the representation of the people. The debate which arose on the motion when it was brought forward in the following session, and the struggles to which the desire in the country for the attainment of the object gave rise, which were continued for numerous years, are matters of history. The contest was severe and protracted. Its progress was occasion- ally interrupted by various circumstances; but, like a river, the current of which has received a temporary check, on the removal of the obstructions the onward course of public opinion was accelerated, and at length resistless. In January, 1890, Mr. Pitt died, and Mr. Fox was called to the administration of public affairs. Mr. Grey, who by the elevation of his father t) the peerage, had become Lord Ilowiek was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty, with a seat in the cabinet. In October following the country was deprived of the services of Mr. Fox. Lord Ilowiek then became leader of the House of Commons and Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. The abolition of the slave trade was proposed by this administration. Tho Sovereign took alarm at the attempt of the ministers to remove some of the existing disabilities Oil Roman Catholics, and they were dismissed, Parliament was dissolved. Lord Howick, not choosing to contest the county of Northumberland, took his seat for Appleby. The death of his father, which took place shortly after, removed him to the upper house of parliament. His lordship now took the title of Earl Grey. For several years after his succession to the peerage Earl Grey took 110 very prominent part in public affairs, The abortive attempt of George IV., in 1812, to induce him and Lord Grenville to join the Perceval administration, illustrated the integrity of his principles and the consistency of his conduct. The tragical death of Perceval, who was assassinated by Belling- ham shortly after, again opened a path for Lord Grey to place and power. There were, however, difficulties, and the noble lord did not take office. The retirement of Lord Liverpool, in 1827, placed Mr. Can- ning at tho helm of affairs, Lord Grey declined to support that statesman. His lordship, after the death of Mr. Canning, in a speech on the second reading of the Roman Catholic Relief Bill, in 1829, justified himself for having declined to extend to the deceased statesman's administration his active support. Lord Grey took a prominent part in the trial of Queen Caroline before the House of Peers, and distinguished himself in the debates upin that occasion. After this the life of Earl Grey was passed principally in the bosom of his family until the sud- den termination of the Wellington administration, in 1830 brought him forth from his retirement to assume the reins of government. During the four years which he continued in office, he carried parliamentary reform and the abolition of slavery. Since his retirement from office, in 1834. he has taken no part in politics, but has resided principally at Howick, with his familv. It is almost impossible for us, his contemporaries, to take "a calm and dispassionate view of the career of Earl Grey, but his bitterest political opponents admit that his was essentially a great mind. An elegant orator, a conscientious and high- minded statesman, he carries with him to his grave the veneration of his friends and the respect of those to whom he was politically opposed. The noble earl married in 1794 the lIon. Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby, only daughter of the first Lord Ponsonby, an Irish peer, and by this lady, who survives him, lie leaves a numerous family. lie is succeeded to the title and estates by Viscount Howick. M.P. for Sunderland. He was born in 1802, and was married in 1832 to the youngest daughter of the late Sir Joseph Copley, Bart, (she was been in 18031. The noble lord was Under Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1830 to 1833, was in 1831 Under Secrotary for the Home Department, was Secretary at War in 1S39, and represented Winchelsea in the parliament of 182!j, Iligham Ferrers in that of 1830, and the northern division of Northumberland from 1831 to 1841, and was returned for Sunderland iu October, 1811.â Herald. « DEATH OF VIâ¢â¢COUNT CANTERBURY. It is with regret we have to announce the death of Viscount Canterbury, who expired Monday afternoon at 23 minutes after three at the Honorable Ilenrv Manners Sutton's residence in Southwick-crescent, Hyde-park. The immediate cause of death was apoplexy, and after the attack he experienced on the Great Western ItaiLvay in coining to town from D(>vonshire, he lost all power of speech and consciousness up to the moment of his death. The noble viscount, who had travelled from Exeter in a first- class carriage, is described by a gentleman, who was a passen- ger in the same carriage with his lordship, as having been ex- ceedingly cheerful throughout the journey, until the arrival of the train at Slough, when he was observed to take snuff, and look at his watch very often, and appeared as if absorbed in thought. After this he leant back in the carriage as if asleep, and continued so until the arrival of the train at Faddington. When the porter demanded the ticket rather loudly, his lordship Was observed twice to make an attempt to place his hand into his pocket, but was unable to do so. It was then found for the first time that he was ill. The Hon. llenry Manners Sutton, the Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department, and Mr. Sanderson M.P. and the lion. Mrs. Sanderson, were the only relatives with his lord- ship at his dissolution. An express was forwarded as early as possible after the noble viscount's arrival at his son's house, to Viscountess Canterbury and familv, who are at Itockbeare House, near Exeter, and another was sent to the Honourable Charles John Manners Sutton to Paris, in which capital the honorable gentleman has been residing for some time past. The deceased Charles Manners Sutton, Viscount Canterbury of the city of Canterbury, and Baron Bottesford, in the county of Leicester, in the peerage of the United Kingdom, was eldest son of Charles Manners Sutton, the late Archbishop of Canter- bury. He was born the 2yth January, 1780, and was therefore in his 6'Jth year. His lordship was twice married, namely, first, the 8th of July, 1811, to Charlotte, eldest daughter of John Dennison and secondly, 6th December, 1 s28, to Ellen, daughter of Mr- Edmund Power, relict of Mr. John Hume Purvis. By his lirst marriage he leaves issue the Honorable Charles John Manners Sutton (now Viscount Canterbury), Registrar of the I acuity-office, born the 17th of April, 1812; the Honorable oirj Manners Sutton, M.P., Under Secretary of State for the II »:ne Department, bom the 27th of Mav, 1814; anti the HOIum 'Jle nmrlotte :\Iatiltla, horn the' 2.7th of :\lay, 1 x I I, 1l\1f1 married > Mr. Richard Sanderson, M.P. By his second alliance he le,n'f's an only dau¡;htl'r, the Ituu°raW« Frances Diana, born the 18-9" The Viscountess Canterbury IS s.sler of the Countess of Blessington. The late YiSPoHnt was Spcaker of the House of Commons f.ora 181, to 1831. In 1834 his re-election was opposed bv Mr. the' wi," 1"0W L°r'1 I)u:lf,'nn,iru')' being brought forward by tn, hig party, and after one of the largest divisions on record tsTtS 30T f°r Mr' 31G; SIr Châ Immediately after his defeat for the Speaker's chair. Ire was off e-'of nm M!um n ⢠to Perform the important and delicate o^t :â adjusting the claims of Canada: but, resign lml,lred h^Hh of his lady, he was compelled to Ihe deceased was elevated to the peerage, bv bei.-v created ?Vor^»%UnltrI,Kin8dtfm' ia '8;»- was a CM Grand [,u l I ''1" °f tlu; Governor of the Charterhouse, His iordsT r°'U'\ th° Lau,1-Tax *"1 l<>r building Churches. "wjassir-" *->â wi,kh" ~»- DY' the demi..e of hi;; lordship an(1 Earl Gre)", th<-rc arc two vacillleies ill the Governors of the Charterhouse^âChronic'c.

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