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SUMMER THOUGHTS.

MRS, CAUDLE'S CURTAIN LECTURES.

THE ABERDARE RAILWAY.

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THE ABERDARE RAILWAY. IN our last number we stated that the Bill for making a railway from the Taff Vale Railway near Ynys Mey- rick to Aberdare with a branch therefrom, to be called The Aberdare Railway," had been read a third time and passed in the House of Commons. This line being of the first moment to an extensive district through which the Guardian circulates most numerously, we deem it necessary to give the following additional particulars respecting the bill itself and certain occurrences which took place in the Parliamentary Committee. Mr. Highton, engineer of the Taff Vale Railway, on exa- mination before the Committee, said that the Taff Vale Kail- way had not proved a very profitable speculation to tliesharc- holders. The old shareholders had received a very small dividend, although the line had been oprned six. or seven years. The working expenses of the Tatt Vale Railway been up to the 31st Doc., lS44, at least 51 per ceiit.; but dar- ing the last six months they had avenged only 40 per cent. There had been a large increase of traffic on the line. The expenses had been comparatively reduced hy the greater in- flux of traffic. The increase bad come from Mcrihvr and from two other branch roa(lo- leading to it. The '1 aff Vale uailway will have the whole of the trafnc of the Aberdare rail- way. M r. Powell is the second largest shareholder on the Taff Vale Railway. The coal! from Aberdare will have to go the whole way to Cardiff, between 15 and 1C miles, and will pay the Taff company the charges for that distance. The land- owners and coal workers are satisfied with the rates, or they would not have requested the branch to have been extended. Looking at the respective positions of the two line*, the Aberdare and the Taff Vale, he was of opinion that latter could be worked cheaper than the former, as long lines were always worked more economically than short ones. The amount of traffic over the branch will average three trains a day. Several circumstances have conduced to increase the traffic on the Taff Vale line. He thought two-thirds of a penny per ton per mile was a fair toll for the Aberdare Railway. The elements of competition existed there was a canal running side by side with the railway. He thought a jd. per ton for conveying the c >al was a reasonable price be- cause the establishment would be comparatively large. Only three trains per day would incur a much greater relative ex- pense that if 30 or 40 trains were worked. Sir T. Phiilips then cross-examined Mr. Highton. The cost per mile for constructing the Taff Vale Railway was £ 20,000. The capital of the company wa< JE600,000, and the length of the line was 30 miles, that gave £ "20,000 per mile for its cost. The dock was included in the estimate. The revenue from the dock was something, hut he could not say what. The Taff Vale Railway had 30 miles of tonnages. There was no more than 30 miles of tonnages to countervail £600,000 of outlay. The Taff Vale railway company had been offered by Mr. Fisher to work the line. The teires of the offer were to do certain works for 3G per cent. if the revenue was under XI200, and 34 percent, if the revenue was over JE1200. The offer was refused. Sir John Guest was charged nothing for having his iron brought down. He was charged ,1d. per ton per mile for iron ore, and for iron nolhingt and for all other things according to the fixed prices. The proportion of iron ore to iron is as five times the amount of iron ore taken up. So that five tons are brought down the line and one ton is taken liP, amounting to six tons, which are conveyed to and fro for 4d. per mile. He could not tell exactly what was the quantity of general goods conveyed. Mr. Poole, one of the directors of the Taff Vale railwav, was next examined. He stated that Sir John Guest was the largest ironmaster in the district, and his traffic went the whole length of the Taff Vale railway. Sir John Guest was under an obligation to travel his goods along the whole length of the line. He was also hound for a certain period to have his traffic conveyed by the tram road in the, vicinity of the rail- way. and as an inducement for him to remove his traffic from there on to the Taff Vale line, the charge for locomotive power had been remitted. 'I he tram-road was quite a dis- tinct scheme, to which he also paid for and in order that he might not be a loser by exchanging the mode in his traffic was conveyed, he was charged nothing for locomotive power. In point of fact} Sir J. Gurst had been relieved of id. per ton per mile. We preferred carrying 60,000 ton at a penny rather than lose the traffic. The gross revenue was three or four thousand per annum. He had seen the circular issued by Mr. Powell to the proprietors. He did not know that he contended with the company to have his traffic conveyed at less than the company's rates. He did not know that the company was b Hind to furnish him with car- riages at the rate of the propelling power. Air. Powell had insisted on the right of using his own engines. The objection to this was, that being a single line of railway it would be dangerous to allow it. The first chatge for carriages made was £ 15 per annum, which had subsequently been reduced to £12 per annum. Mr. Wayne said, he was not aware of any person who had petitioned against the tariff with the exception of Mr. Powell. He was aware that Lewis and Williams were about to open a colliery to work 200 tons a-day. Mr. David Jones next examined. He was employed by Mr. Powell to survey a railway up the Aberdare valley but it went on in some part a different side of the river to the pro- posed railway. The charges were to be the same as the Taff Vale line, which he had communicated to the landowners, anrtl thev were satisfied with them. Sir Thomas Phillips cross-examined The line was about six miles, and his estimate of the expense was little more than £20,QOO for the six miles. He had calclliatedthe income at 1,000 tons per day, to go six mile3, at 6d. per ton. He had proposed this to Mr Powell. The line had been given up altogether. The charge was not Mr. Po'.veil's but his (wit- ness's). It would give an income of £ 25 per day. Irom general merchandize the income expected was £ 30 per day, making altogether a revenue of £ 9,360 per annum, from w hich 40 per cent being deducted for working expenses, a clear net annual income of £5,015 upon the six miles would result, being rather more than 2-2 per cent, on the original outlay. If the traffic could be obtained at one penny per mi>, the in- come would yield at least 21 per cent. on the capital ex- pended. The Chairman wished to know whether Mr. Powell, (the only petitioning party against the tariff.) would be satisfied with the same charges as on the Pontvpool railway. Sir Thomas Philips. Yes, sir. We are reasonable men, and notwithstanding that this railway is to be made for £ 5,000 per mile, notwithstanding the gradients and curves are all easy, and notwithstanding all the favourable circumstances under which the line will be made, we shall be contuut with the same rates and tolls as are charged upon the Puntypoo) Railway. 0 Mr. James having addressed the comini,tee, The Chairman said the committee were cuarly of opinion that no higher rates should be demanded than those charged on the Pontypool Railway. It will be perceived from the foregoing that Mr. Powell, with the most praiseworthy tfnxiety for the pros- perity of the new line as well as of the district through which it is intended to pass, has taken the most active measures for securing a proper and we hope a fair adjust ment of the scale of charges upon the line. The public, we are satisfied, will duly appreciate his efforts and in its behalf we tender to that gentleman our wannest acknow- ledgements. We subjoin a statement of the scale, of tolls, as con- tained in the amended bill. It differs materially from the scale originally sought For instance, in the measure as originally proposed, no sum was named for the convey- ance of pitwood, â a most important article, â by the amended scale the charge for its conveyance is not to exceed one-penny per ton per mile, with an additional charge if conveyed in carriages belonging to the company. SCALE OF CHARGES. For all sorts of manure, a'.d all undressed materials for the repair of highways, and for all coals, clllm, iron stone, and iron ore, per ton, per mile, not exceeding one halfpenny. [In the original hill it was two-thirds of a penny.] And if con- veyed in carriages belonging to the Company, an additional sum, per ton, per mile, not exceeding one-eighth of a penny [having tcen rediv/cd from oac-halfpenny.J For all coke, charcoal, pitwood, limestones, stones for building, pitching, and paving, bticks, tiles, slates, clay, and sand, per ton. per mile, not exceeding one penny and if con- veyed in carriages belonging to the. Company, an additional sum per tori, per mile, not exceeding one-eighth of a pennv. For all iron. lead, tin, and tin plates (except nails, utensi s, or other articles of merchandize) per ton rr mice, not ex- ceeding one penny, and if conveyed in carriages belonging to the Company, an additional slim per ton, p r mile, not ex- ceeding one-eighth of a penny. For all goods, wares, or merchandize, matters or things (for which no other payment is herein imposed) per ton, per mile, not exceeding two-pcnce; and if conveyed in carriages Li'- longing to the Company, an additional sum per ton, per mile, not exceeding one halfpenny. And for every carriage of whatever description, not being a carriage adapted and used for travelling on a Railway, and not weighing more than one ton carried or conveyed on a truck or platform per mile, not exceeding sixpence. And a sum not exceeding 2d. per mile for every additional quarter of a ton, or fractional part of a quarter of a ton which any such carriage may weigh and if such carriage be con- veyed on a truck or platform belonging to the Company, an additional sum per mile not exceeding two-pence. In respect of passengers and animals conveyed in car- riages upon the Railway, as follows For every person conveyed in or upon any such carriage, per mile, not exceeding two-pence; and if conveyed in or upon any carriage belonging to the Company, an additional sum per mile not exceeding three-pence. For every horse, mule, or ass, or other beast of draught or bnrden, and for every ox, cow, bull, or neat cattle conveyed in or upon any such carriage per mile, not exceeding three- pence, and if conveyed in or upon any carriage belonging to the Company, an additional sum per mile, not exceeding one penny. For every calf or pig, sheep, lamb, or other small animal conveyed in or upon any such carriage per mile, not exceeding one penny, and if conveyed in or upon any carriage belonging g, to the Company, an additional stim per mile, not exceeding one farthing. The Company may demand, for the use of steam engines or other moving power, when provided bv them for propelling carriages. For each passenger, or animal, two-pence per mile; for coals, culm, coke, iron-stone, and iron ore, and for iron, lead, tin, and tin plates, (except nails, utensils, or other arti- cles of merchandize) three-eighths of a penny per ton, per mile and for other goods one half-penny per ton per mile. Articles or persons conveyed on the Railway for a less dis- tance than three miles, the Company may demand and receive the aforementioned rates, tolls, and charges for con- veyance, as the case may be, for three miles. For a fraction of a mile beyond three miles, or tcyond any gnatcr number of miles, the Company may demand tolls on metchandize such fraction, in proportion to the number of quarters of a mile contained therein. We have not room for extending our extracts from the Bill, but probably the foregoing may be amply sufficient to give the public information as to the amount and rate of charges.

JUtgcfUatteottg*

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LONDON MARKETS.

CORN EXCHANGE-MONDAY.

--------------------SMII'HFIELD…

Glamorganshire Summer Assizes.'.