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TRANSATLANTIC AFFAIRS.

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TRANSATLANTIC AFFAIRS. INEW YORK; Jan. 24. Yesterday the amnesty discussion was resumed by the Senate, and an exciting dispute took place between Mr. Morton and Mr. Blair. The dispute, however, was rather personal than political, and it is hoped a vote will be reached to-morrow. A Constitutional question has been raised at Washington during the discussion of the Appor- tionment Bill by the Senate Judiciary Committee. It is whether the number of Presidential electors to be chosen next Fall shall ba determined by the old apportionment or the new. In preceding elections, after the decennial taking of the census, the number of electors has been determined by the new appointment. The Constitution provides that "each State shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress." As the Congress will not meet until after the Presidential election, it is possible a new plan may be tried. Senator Wilson's friends say he is now in the field for a nomination for the Vice-Presidency by the National Republican Convention. The claims of President Grant tore-election are being very actively canvassed by the New York press. The Herald a day or two since, in an editorial on the latest news from Paris, compares Grant to Thiers. The retirement of the latter from public affairs at this juncture would, in the opinion of the Herald, be as disastrous for the United States as the with- drawal of Thiers would be for France. Nothing but poli- tical chaos would fellow his sudden retirement, and the disintegration of the Radical party would commence on the morrow of his leaving office. The news from Mexico is still very stormy, and the condition of the Republic attracts more and more atten- tion. "Fighting still continues" is the conclusion of almost every despatch. The Revolutionists under General Quiroga have attacked the forces of Cortina at Camargo, and invaded the state of Tamanlifas with the object of capturing all the towns on the frontier. Matamoros is expected shortly to fall into their hands. Some allowance may probably be made for the sensational character of the news, but there is no doubt that the whole country is terribly disorganized, and in spite of its immense natural wealth it is tending to absolute ruin. Under these circumstances the demand for an annexation of the whole province to the United States grows louder and more distinct in New York. The great Wharton trial is not yet decided, but the end is not far off. For seven weeks the case has occupied the attention of the Court and exited great interest. Dis- patches from Annapolis, up to midnight yesterday, declare the jury to be considering their verdict. Eight were said to be for an acquittal and four for a conviction. Judge Miller delivered a brief charge, which fully entered into the requirements of the case. He said, "Gentlemen of the jury: your verdict will be either 'guilty' or not guilty' of murder in the first degree." Few trials havc excite, 1 greater interest than this Wharton affair, and the decision of the jury will be eagerly looked for. At Annapolis the anxiety manifested was extreme. Long after it became apparent that the jury was divided in sentiment stragglers were seen in and about the Court House, lnaving the storm which raged overhead, and giving credence to all wild and improbable rumours as to how they stood. This is said to be the severest winter ever known on the plains. Reports from Cheyenne speak of trams stopped and railroad communication being cut otf. One train was snowed in several days, and several other trains are waiting for the road to be cleared. Travel i.i stopped east, west, and south. A severe snow-storm and hurricane camefromthenorth-east, and swept east and west of the Rocky Mountain Range. The Trenton Bank has sustained a heavy robbery. On the 21st of January it was entered by five burglars, who gagged the watchmcn.

THE AMERICAN SEARCH FOR LIVINGSTONE.

INDIAN INTELLIGENCE."

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] SPIRIT OF THE PRESS.

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