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MAY.

AUSTRIA AND PRUSSIA.

PRUSSIA.

AUSTRIA.

[No title]

' AMERICA.

ATTEMPT TO ASSASSINATE COUNT…

ITALIAN VOLUNTEERS UNDER GARIBALDI.

EC CLESIA S TIC A L INTELLIGRNCE.

[No title]

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SUGAR IN BREWERIES.âA newly issued Parliamen- tarv return shows that in the year ending September last, the London breweries consumed 4,224,168 lbs of sugar, whilst breweries in the provinces only used 1,686,603 lbs. The quantity used in Scotch brew- eries was 200,799 lbs, and in Irish Sf J 175 lbs. A CHILD EATEN BY A PIG.-A frightful occur- rence took place in Manchester on Saturday evening. Mrs Nash, the wife of a soldier, living in St Michael's-place, Angel-street, Rochdale-road, went out shopping about seven o'clock, leaving her child, a boy about two years o!d, asleep on a couple of chairs. On returning some time after with her brother she was horrified by the sight of her infant lying upon the floor maimed and bleeding near a young pig. The animal was at the moment occupied in gnawing a fragment of the right arm, which it had torn from the child's body. The fragment of the mutilated limb was rescued by the brother, and the child was imme- diately taken to the Royal Infirmary. The senior house surgeon, Mr Clements, found the child in an extreme state of excitement. On examining it he discovered that the whole of the right arm up to within three inches of the shoulder had been eaten off, for traces of teeth were distinctly visible in the remaining portions of the flesh, from which the bone was protruding about half an inch. Marks of teeth were also descernible in the left hand. The brother of Mrs Nash had brought with him the remnant of the arm, which lie had taken from the pig, but it was so shockingly mutilated as to be scarcely recognisable as part of a human body, the bones and flesh being literally mashed into a shapeless mass; not even the trace of a finger being left. Amputation was performed, and all the remedies that surgical skill could suggest were adopted, but without avail, and the child exDired on Monday afternoon about five o'clock. It appeared that the pig bad been won at a raffle by Mrs Nash, who bad kept it about the house for the purpose of fattening for market; and it was to have been sold on the very day that this horrible event happened.âManchester Courier. CHOLERA IN LIVERPOOL,- ,LIVERPOOL, SATURDAY. âOn Friday evening the Helvetia, which had been sent back to Liverpool from Queenstown, while on her outward voyage to New York, with cholera on board, arrived in the Mersey, and at once pro- ceeded to her quarantine mooring ground in the Sloyne. On the vessel making good her anchorage she was boarded by Dr. Buchanan, of London, who had been sent down to Liverpool on purpose Dr. Gee, of Liverpool Mr Carr, Captain Roberts, emi- gration officer Captain Harvey, marine superin- I tendent to the National Steam Navigation Com- pany and Lieutenant Sweeney, of the river police. A thorough inspection was at once commenced, and after a careful examination it was found that the reports as to the sanitary condition of the vessel were somewhat exaggerated. All the healthy passengers were, however, at once removed to a separate part of the ship, whilst those who manifested any signs of illness were placed under additional medical attention. One disagreeable fact was very apparent. The German steerage passenger, once on board ship, becomes indifferent to cleanly habits, and entertains no respect for the comfort of his fellow-passengers of another nation- ality. He generally fills a spare box or bag with cabbage before going on board, which be carefully protects until his bout of sea-sickness is over. He then chops up his cabbage, which is then-partly putrid, and alter mixing it with vinegar he has, next to lager beer, his great compound sauer kraut.' If this stuff can to any extent be whole- some on land, its effects at sea, combined with the proverbial filthiness of Germans when on board ship, must be fatal to the health of those who use it and those who do not. Every precaution has been taken to prevent any of the passengers coming on shore from the Helvetia, as two hulks, the Jessie Munu and War Cloud, are now taking on board the sick and healthy passengers, On the 9thof April the Governor-General of Canada, fearing that cholera might be imported into Canada, issued an order to the effect that all passengers must go into quarantine off Grosse Isie, untii after a medical inspection. It is asserted that Queenstown, not heillg a quarantine port, the Helvetia could uot be allowed to come to an auchorage. WIDTII OF THE STREETS OF THE CITY OF LONDON. âThere are in the City 440 streets, and in only 70 of them is there room for more than two lines of vehicles to pass at a time for the entire length, so that vehicles may stand still in any part of the street, and not interfere with the progress of one line of traffic. In 111 of the streets one line of vehicles only can pass and 101 have no exit, and are not thoroughfares at all. A HANDSOME ORNAMENT TO A WEDDING VEIL.â A wedding took place in this city last week, which offered convincing proof that all the money had not been spent yet. The bride was dressed in white satin, of course, and point-lace veil. On her veil her father pinned ten one-thousand dollar greenbacks, and she was presented on her wedding day with, sixty-two shares of Pacific Mail Stock. This is con- sidered something 'sensible' by several lately married men, who are revelling in an unlimited quantity of napkin rings, fish knives, and salt cellars.-New York Express. STATISTICS AS TO THE CURABILITY OF CONSUMPTION -In an able paper on the Statistics of Medical Science, the late Dr Alison. of Edinburgh, asserts that 'One fact, recently ascertained on so large a scale as to leave no doubt of i's truth, is the good effect of Cod Liver Oil in tubercular diseases, including pulmonary consumption, provided only that it can be retained on the stomach to the extent of an ounce and a-half or two ounces per day.' This essential assimilating property is remarkably and peculiarly possessed by I)r de Jongh's Light- llrown Cod Liver Oil, which all medical experience shows may be continuously administered for a long period without inconvenience, and until the desired effect is accomplished. Dr Sheppard, Medical Superintendent at the Colney Hatch County Lunatic Asylum, says, ⢠Dr de Jongh's Oil has the rare excellence of being well borne and assimilated by stomachs which reject the Ordinary Oils.' SELF-ACCUSATION OF MURDER.âAt the Liver- pool Police-court, on Saturday, a youth named Samuel O'keefe, who was stated to be of unsound mind, was charged on his own confession with having murdered his father. On Friday night the prisoner was apprehended as a suspicious character, but was told that he might go if he would return home. He then made a statement to the effect that on the 29th of March he had had a quarrel with his father, who was ill, and had kicked and shaken him after which he carried him upstairs, and there he died On account of the suddenness of the death an inquest was held but no suspicion fell upon any one. Evidence was given, which in part supported the prisoner's statement, and he was remanded, so that inquiries might be made as to his sanity. CHTTHCn PASTORAL AID BOCIETY.-On the afternoon of the 3rd inst, a meeting of this society was held at St. James's Hall, the Earl of Shaftesbury in the chair. The total receipts for the year amounted tojg42,240. or X4,238 less than the preceding year, the decrease being princi- pally in legacies. The expenditure in the same time amounted *.o £ i6',214. Notwithstanding the diminution of funds, there has been no material curtailment in the number of grants. The Lord Bishop of Peterborough. Mr R. C. Hanbury, M.P., Lord Charles Ru«aell, the Venerable Archdeacon Prest, and Mr B. Shaw, made a few remarks, the latter censuring the demoralising 'gang' system of labour in Suffolk, Cambridge, Lincolnshire, and other counties. The Rev J. Griffiths, of Neath, contra- dicted a statement which had been maee in a public journal about the spread of infidelity in Wil'es, and re- commended that the society should give aid only to those churches where the services are read in the language of the country. The Rev J. Patteson, having briefly ad- dressed the meeting, the Earl of Shaftesbury said a few words in Welsh condemning neology and ritualitm, and urging arguments in support of the eociety. PUBLIC INCOME AND EXPENDITURE.âBy a return issued on Monday, it appears that the gross public income in the year ending March 31st, 1866, was £ 67,812,292 4s 6d. The total expenditure (including £560.000 for fortifications) was £66,474,356 13s 3d. The balance in the Exchequer on March 31st, 1865, was £7,690,922 2s JOd. The money raised in the year was as followsâTerminableAnnuities, £ 450,0f»0; Exchequer Bonds, 91,000,000; repayments on ac- count of advances for the purchase of bullion, for local works, &c., £],817,052 17s 2d, and repayments on account of advances for new courts of justice. &c., £ 40,000. The amount issued in the year to the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt, was £2,131,500 7s 5d Exchequer Bonds paid off, £ 1,000.000; Exchequer Bills paid off in money, £1,678,200; advances for purchase of bullion and for local works, &c., £1,634,805 16s 7d; for new courts of justice, &c., £ 40,000; balance in Exchequer on March 31st, 1866, £5,851,314 7s 3d. CAUSES OF SUDDEN DEATH.âVery few of the sudden deaths which are said to arise from diseases of the heart do really arise from that cause. To as- certain the real origin of sudden deaths, an experiment has been tried in Europe, and reported to a scientific congress held at Strasburg. Sixty-two cases of sud- den death were made the subject of a thorough post mortem examination; in these case only two were found who had died from disease of the heart. Nine out of sixty-six had died from apoplexy, while there were forty-six cases of congestion of the lungsâthat is, the lungs were so full of blood that they could not work, not being room enough for a sufficient quantity of air to enter to support life. The causes that pro- duce congestion of the lungs are-cold feet, tight clothing, costive bowels, sitting still until chilled after being warmed with labour or rapid walk, going too suddenly from a close room into the air, especially after speaking, and sudden depressing news operating on the blood. These causes of sudden death being known, an avoidance of them may serve to lengthen many valuable lives, which would otherwise be lost under the verdict of the heart complaints. The dis- ease is supposed to be inevitable and incurable hence many may not take the pains they ^rould to avoid sudden death, if they knew it lay in their power.- American paper. SHOCKING MURDER AT JERSEY.âOn Friday morn- ing the discovery was made that a most brutal mur- der had been committed in the island of Jersey. The scene of the dreadful crime was a small thatched cottage called La Frontiere, near Mount des Vignes, in the parish of Saint Peter's, about six miles from the town of Saint Helier's. The victim was a single woman named Esther Susan Le Brun, aged 62 years. Adjoining the dwelling of the deceased was another of the same sizeâalso with a thatched roof-and oc- cupied by an old woman and her daughter, Miss Le Cornu. On Thursday night, about nine o'clock, Miss Le Cornu bade the deceased good night,' and shortly afterwards went to bed. During the night she thought she heard a noise in the deceased's cottage, and the next morning the deceased was found dead in bed, in her night-dress, and presenting the appearance of having been violently strangled. On her night-dress, on the bed, on the floor, the window sill, and about various parts of the house, marks of blood were found, which it was supposed had come from the band of the murderer, one of the panes of glass in the window having been broken. An examination of the pre- mises showed that the place had been thoroughly ransacked, though nothing appeared to have been taken away, not even some stiver spoons which had been overturned in the search. No certain clue has been obtained as to the perpetrators of the horrid crime. BRITISH ANTI-TOBACCO SOCIETY.âOn Monday evening, the 16th of April, an audience was convened under the presidency of Dr. Edward Moore, in the Manor Rooms, Hackney, to bear a lecture from Mr Reynolds, the society's representative, who commenced his address by giving a brief historical account of the popular weed. Two miilion tons' weight, he said, were annually grown and consumed, for the production of which 5k million acres of land were prostituted. The greater part had been the produce of slave labour in America, but happily that has terminated. In tobacco there are two constituent principles which are highly poisonous-one an essential oil which acts directly on the brain and the whole of the nervous system, the other a narcotic poison, called nicotin,' which acts especially on the heart and the circulation of the blood. These poisons are received by chewers and snuff-takers. By the action of fire, another principle is generated called empi reumatic oil, a single drop of which evaporated in this room would render the atmosphere so suffocating, that they would all be com- pelted to hasten away from it. An inquiry would naturally ariseâHow is it, if tobacco be so powerful, that it may be smoked daily for a great number of years without destroying life? The answer is, that as with laudanum so with tobacco, the system may be educated by a gradual process to receive it with conscious benefit. Beginning with 20 diops, and making daily additions to the quantity, as much might ultimately be taken at one time as would destroy the lives of ten or a dozen persons who had not been accustomed to it. if they divided it between them. In describing the effects of smoking on individuals, interviews were instanced which the lecturer has held with persons of varied positions in society com- mencing with medical advisers. As a sample we giva the followillg :-At the c mmencement of the society's labours he called on one of the faculty, who said he was a smoker, and asked him to join him, and added, of all the humbug ever palmed off on this country the Anti-Tobacco Crusadu was the crowner. Instead of adducing reasons for the assertion, he asked the lecturer to state his views, ot which the following is the substance. At the creation it was known to the Divine mind what would be the best rate of the heart's action to preserve the body and mind in harmony and health, that nothing interferes with tha action of the heart more than fumes of tobacco, primarily by exalting nervous force, and subsequently depressing it-that the Creator knew the necessity of saliva to prepare it for speedy elaboration into chyle and blood-that this important fluid the smoker spits away, and that which he cannut ejact descends in:o the stomach, enters into' the circulation, travels the whole round of the system, weakens the brain and affects every fibre of the frame. Instead of an attempt to negative these opinions the medical gentleman -:aid, I There's no answering these arguments, but the fact is I began smoking when I was a medical student, and I have smoked on until now, without thinking anything about it.' DESTRUCTION OF A SPINNING MILL.âOn Sunday morning the spinning department of the extensive works of Messrs Scott, I nglis, and Co, Bri lgton, Glasgow, were destroyed by fire. As many as 60,000 spindles in working order and 60,000 in preparation were completely consumed, and 600 people are thrown out of employment by the disaster. The premises were insured. DEATHS FROM DRINKING.âOn Monday morning an inquest was held at the London Hospital on the body of John Clarke, aged 40 years. On the 21st of April the deceased was found insensible from drink and carried to the hospital, where he died on Thursday. It appeared that while employed in the London Docks he sucked a quantity of brandy and port wine from some of the casks. The jury returned a verdict of Death from the Excessive Drinking of intoxicating liquors in the docks.âAn inquest was also held on the body of Julia Macarthy, aged 22 years, who died from injuries received while in a state of intoxication. Verdict --Death from falls caused by Intoxication. THE WEDDING MARKET.âAt a recent dinner of the friends of some ⢠amalgamated benefit associa- tions,' a wit descanted on this subject, and gave the following as the 'report of the present state of the wedding market:âSpinsters Light articles not in demand richer sorts much inquired after terms geneially prompt. This restricts the market. Mediums, well made and carefully got up are steadily on the advance. Widows rule firm, and, if substantial, are occasionally inquired after. Bachelors All sorts of goods find a ready market. In the finer class, swells have nearly disappeared, and a more serviceable article is now offered. Here. too, the mediums are most sought after, the texture is finer and more serviceable than hereto- fore. Flimsy and unwarranted goods are flat. Old maids and old bachelors: Quantities of pre- vious years' goods encumber the warehouses, and are not quoted. If sought after by speculators for export, no doubt good articles may be found at easy prices. ACCIDENT TO MR STEAVENSON, OF TRINITY HALL, CAMBRIDGE.âA serious accident occurred at Cambridge on Sunday afternoon to Mr D. Fenwick Steavenson, B.A., of Trinity Hill, a gentleman well known amongst lovers of aquatic sports, at the same time indefatigable secretary of the Cambridge University Boat Club. Mr Steaven- son rowed No. 5 in the late University race. Mr Steavenson and three companions had been taking an airing in a waggonette, and were returning to Cambridge, dOwfn a dangerous slope known as Barrington hill, when by some reason or other the horse became restive, got the better of the driver, and finally bolted. Mr Steavenson's companions escaped without injury. One slipped off the vehicle on danger being apparent; but at last there was a capsize, and this resulted in Mr Steavenson, who stuck to the reins to the last, being found on the road with one of his legs broken. He was con- veyed to his rooms in Trinity Hall. Dr Humphry was sent for, and it is understood that time and patience are all that are necessary to his ultimate recovery. Meanwhile the crew now nominated or in training for the next University race will sadly miss his valuable assistance and advice. THE REGISTRAR-GENERAL'S QUARTERLY RETURNS. âThe quarterly returns of the Registrar-General concerning the births, marriages, and deaths of the United Kingdom, show that in the quarter ending in December last, out of a population esti- mated at 30,004,519, there were 142,304 persons married; in the quarter ending on March 31, 265,663 children were born; and 185,138 persons of both sexes died. In the quarter that ended December 31, 1865, there were 114.100 persons married in England. In London the weddings rose from 7,856 and 8,711 in the December quarter of the two previous years to 9,746 in that of last year. In Lancashire and Cheshire, which together contain a population not much exceeding the me- tropolitan, the marriages in the same three periods were 7,635, 7,253, and 8,576. In the northern counties they were 2,917, 3,173, and 3,274.. In Monmouthshire and Wales 3,329. 3,416, and 3,538. In Yorkshire 5,659, 6,027, and 6,291. The marriage-rate per annum, in the December quarter of 1865, was 2,148. This result represents the proportion of persons married to a hundred in the population. The average of ten corresponding quarters, was 1,981 per cent. Weddings are always the most frequent in the Christmas quarter, and in that of 1864 the marriage-rate was 2,022; but within the range of the comparison, viz., the ten years 1856-65, a rate as high as 2'1 per cent is without any example, with the single exception of that which is supplied by the present return. Of children born in the March quarter of the present year the number was 196,737, against the high number 194,287 in the corresponding period of 1865. The annual birth-rate for the same period was 3'776 per cent, the average being 3 644. The birth-rate is always higher in the first six months of the year than in the last; but the tables for the last ten years furnish no instance of a rate so high as that which prevailed last quarter. London yielded its fair contribution to the increase; the births were under 30,000 in the metropolis, and slightly above that number in Cheshire and Lan- cashire. In some counties, as Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Norfolk, and Leicestershire, there was a decrease, tor which others, chiefly in the northern parts of the kingdom and in Wales, more than compensated by their increase. The births were very numerous in Surrey, Devonshire, Lancashire, Durham, Northumberland, Cumber- land, and Wales. Whilst the births were 196,737, the deaths were in the same time 138,233, and the excess of the former over the latter was 58.504. The natural increase was 650 daily but this was disturbed by migratory tendencies, always in active operation. The weather in the quarter was un- favourable to health, and, by exciting or aggra- vating pulmonary diseases, carried off many per- sons of advanced age. The total number of deaths in England and Wales was 138,233, which implies a rate of mortality above the average of ten pre- vious winters, though not so high as it had been in the winters ot 1864 and 1865. In these two periods 142,977 and 140,646 deaths were registered.

THEOBROMA CACAO.

ROYAL NAVY IN COMMISSION §

STATIONS OF THE BRITISH ARMY.

[No title]

| THE LONDON MARKETS.

BREAD.

METROPOLITAN CATTLE MARKET.

POTATO MARKET. t

HOP MARKET.

BUTTER MARKET.

SOUTH WALES RAILWAY TIMjETTABLE.

MILFORD BRANCH LINE OF

PEMBROKE AND TENBY RAILWAY.…

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