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BREACH OF PROMISE— £ 2,000…

AN UNSUCCESSFUL MISSION.

OUR COTTON SUPPLY.

A PORTRAIT OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN.\

AN PORTANT DISCOVERY.

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AN PORTANT DISCOVERY. The old tale of the power of labour combinations in- judiciously exercised giving rise to inventions, by which much manual labour is set aside, and capitalists freed from unreas onable demands, is being again illustrated. or years,- ,tthe various ironmasters of the kingdom have been tithing under what they have termed the tyrranyO .ttpuddterp." These are a class of opera- tives WIt labour has hitherto been conceived indispensable to the production of finished iron. Determining to free themselves frcm the species of operative despotism which these men by their powerful national union have been lately exercising, the great Dowlais Iron Company have for some time past been making a series of important experiments which will have the effect of knocking off the galling shackles described, at the same time that they solve the one problem of the tradeâviz., how to convert pig into finished iron altogether by machinery. A few months ago they purchased the patent for a rotary furnace, obtained in 1853 by Mr. Bernard P. Walker, a cutnail manufacturer of Wolverhampton, and the engineer of the company, Mr. Menelaus, has been experimenting with it until, after making certain alterations in its shape and attendant apparatus, he has pronounced the method a success, and his company, equally convinced, have authorised the laying down of considerable works expressly for the making of iron by this process. The discovery was to be brought before the scientific world at the annual meeting last week of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers in Bir- mingham, at which Mr. Menelaus had arranged to read a paper On Machine Puddling." The entry of this subject on the notice-paper calling the meeting drew to- gether ironmasters from Scotland and Wales, and other somewhat remote districts, but the time allowed for the reading of papers was consumed in the discus- sion on the first paper on the list, which related to metrical measurement. Mr. Menelaus, there- fore, simply remarked that he had satisfied himself on the merits of the rotary furnace and, as the best substitute for his paper, would there give an invitation to all the members of the institute to be present a month from that day at the opening of the new works, when they might judge of its value by a personal inspection of its working. The manager of the Dowlais Company was present, with the engineer, to support this invitation, and introduced the inventor of the furnace to other members of the institute terms which revealed the existence of unbounded gratification that he had been the means of conferring a boon upon that branch of our national history which embraces the iron trade, for which it had long been sighing. Ready to illustrate the paper, were lying in the institute-room an immense bloom Mirpn, looking like a huge egg, and weighing 5 cwt., s owing the state of the iron as delivered by the furnace, and specimens of iron in a finished state made from similar blooms. They were subjected to a close scrutiny by members of the institute, aud were pronounced to be of much superior workmanship to that us'Ja y produced by puddling by manual labour, iuignt furnaces capable of making 00 tons each per week are being erected in the new works, and by their operation iron will not only be puddled much better, but at consi- derably less cost than on the old principle. The rotary furnaces will prove an addition to the national wealth, and if the paper describing it bad been readmit would have occasioned as much interest to be awakened as resulted from Mr. Bessemer's celebrated paper at Cbel. tenbam. Too much importance cannot be attached to the discovery, which being made known on the eve ot an aggregate meeting of all the ironmasters of England, called together to determine upon a universal lock-out of puddlers, becomes doubly significant.

A SEA-SICK MILLIONAIRE.

TEA v. MALT.

AN ENCOUNTER WITH A TIGER.

HOW A SECRET WAS OBTAINED.

PARLIAMENT SKETCHED.

AN EXTRAORDINARY CASE.

HINTS TO WORKING MEN.

THE LAW OF GIFTS!

CHARQUI.

STOCK EXCHANGE SLANG.

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THE MARKETS.