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DEATH OF THE DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND.

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DEATH OF THE DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND. The most profound sorrow was occasioned in all the Northumberland towns last Sunday by the sudden death of the Duke of Northumberland, which took place at a quarter to 3 o'clock in the morning, at Aln- ou- ^ast^e- Nearly all the churches in Alnwick, Shields, and other places tolled muffled peals, and men of all parties look upon the Duke's death, in the midst of his benevolent labours, as a public calamity. The Duke bad been in failing health for some time, his disease being gout in the right hand but it was not until Saturday night that dangerous symptoms ap- peared :â The deceased, Algernon Percy, Duke and Earl of Northum- berland, Etrl and Baron Percy, BtU-on Lacy, Poynings, Fitz Payne and !Bryan, Latimer, and Warkwortb, atso Baron P,udloe, of Prudh,.e Caitle, in the county of Northumber- land, in the peerage of Great Britain, and a barnnet, was the second and youngest fon of Hugh, second Duke, by his second wife, Frances Julia, third daughter f Mr. Peter Biirreil, and aunt of Lord Willnughby d'Eresby. He was b >rn December, 16th 1792 consequently had just entered hit 73rd year, The deceased nobleman was educated for the navy, which service ha entered in March. 1805, on board the Tribune frigate, commanded by Captain Robert Bennett, he was a'terwards midshipman in the Fame, 74, in which ship he was actively employed on the coast of Catalonia in 1809 and, as midshipman of the Hydra, commanded a gun- boat in ooperation with the patriots on the coast (,f Anda- lmia in tha following year. As acting captain of the Cale- donia he took part in a partial action wi h the French fleet off Toulon in 1813, and was prtstnc at the taking of Genoa in 1814. After obtaining his post rank he went on half-pay, and was not subsequently afl iar. He obtained his commission as lieutenant m December, 1811; became commander in March, 1SL4; captain in August, 1815; rear-admir-1 on the reserved list in November, 1§50; vice-admiral July, 1857; and admiral in October, 1862. In August, 1816, he was created a peer by the title of Baron Prudhoe, of Prudhoa Castle, a barony which bec,)mes exduct by his death. He passed maty years in travelling abroad, a d for a long period devoted himself to investi- gating the remains of ancient Egypt and the Holy Land, at a tim when Biblical chronology was less studied than at the presentlday. The Duke succeeded to the family honours and ptincbly esrat s on the deatn of his brottoer Hugh, third Duke, on the 11th of February, 1847. Bla Grace was married on the 25th of August, 1842, to Lady Eleanor Gr, svenor, eldest daughter of the Marquis of Westminster, bu". leaves no issue. His Grace was a Conservative in politics. He accepted the office of First Lord of the Admiralty on the formation of the Etrl of Derby's first Administration in 1852, and remained ia the Cabinet until the break-up of the Govern- ment iu December of that year. The late Duke was made a Privy Councillor on taking (ffice, and the same year (1852) was made a Knight of the Garter. He was constable at Liunceston Castle, and, as Buch, was an officer of the Duchy of Cornwall. For a short time in 1852 ha was special Deputy Warden of the Stannaries. In 1841 he was created an honorary D C L. at Oxford. From his first succession to the dukedom the deceased nobleman took an active part in the control and improvement of his extensive property. The comfort of his cottagers and the poorer class on his estates was his first consideration, and he ex- pended an enormous sum in rebuilding their dwellings on the most improved plan. He also interested himself deeply in their spiritual welfare, and erected no less than 10 new churches at his own cost in popuiou, but neglected districts, a lasting prjof of his princely munificence. It is said that within the last ten years his Grace expended more than half a million of money in this praiseworthy manner alone. At an enormous cu-i he restored and beautified Alnwick Castie, the fine old feudal residence of the noble House of Percy. The late Duke was a Fellow of the Royal Society, of the Society of Antiquaries, of the JLtoyal Geographical Society, and a member of the Royal Astronomical and other learned socleties; He was also a munificent supporter of many of the cdiautable institutions of London and elsewhere. By the death of the Duke without hsue the titles and greater ro tion of the estates devolve upon George Percy, second Eirl of Beverley, whose father, Algernon, first Earl, was second son of Ilatrh, first Duke of Northumberland. He was bJru in June, 1778, and was married in 1801 to Lousia Harcourt thiid daughter of the late Hon. Aichibald Stuart-Wortley Mickerzie, and is father of Lord Lovaine, M.P., at. I Lady A'hertoa, &c. He WilS a Lord of the Treasury from May, 180A, to February, 1806, and was Captain of the Yeomen of tue Guard from 1842 to 1840. Tae present Duke is descended, by the female linp, from the noble House of Percy. I'he heiress of the llfch Earl of Northumberland, who succeeded to the baronial honours only of the family, married Charles 6th Duke of Somerset (the"prnui Duke" and their son, the 7tti Duka, having been summoned to Parliament as Baron Percy, was created E»rl of Northumberland, with remainder (having no male issue) to S r Hugh Smithson, who had married his daughter and sole hrir. Sir Hugh, who succeeded to the earldom of Northumberland in 1750, was created Duke of Northumber- land in 1766, and assumed the name of Percy on succeeding to the earldom.

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