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TOPICS OF THE DAY. FEXIAKI8M. In spite of the wholesome lessons that have been offered to the Fenians during the recent trials, many of them have failed to learn the wis- dom that adversity ought to teach. The British Government, therefore, through the Lord-Lieu- tenant, has felt constrained to put into operation the provisions of the Peace Preservation Act of 18.bC). The city and countv of Dublin, the city of Waterford, and parts of Tipperary and Water ford countv have been proclaimed Forthwith there has been an outcry as if martial law or the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act had been decreed. But it is nothing of the sort. The sum and substance of the proclamation is to the effect that, with the exception of certain persons, ordi- narily allowed to carry arms, no one in the pro- claimed districts will be allowed" to carry or have in his possession, elsewhere than in his own dwelling-house, any gun, pistol, or other fire- arm, or any part or parts of any gun, pistol, or other firearm, or any cutlass, pike, or bayonet, or any bullet, gunpowder, or ammunition." With due notice, also, the possessors of arms may be called upon to deposit them in some specified place, and the Lord-Lieutenant may issue war- rants to search for and seize arms. Any breach of the new, or rather the newly-imposed regula- tions. may he punished by imprisonment for two years; and th* hardship, if hardship it is, not to be allowed to cany arm* in the proclaimed dis- tricts, may be mitigated by licenses, to be grant- ed by persons appointed by the Lord-Lieutenant. We deeply regret that such a measure should be found necessary, but necessary it is, we firmly believe, or it would not have been resorted to. The proclamation has not been issued in alarm for the safety of England. We fear no Fenian invasion, and have no dread of the establishment of a Fenian republic or the dethronement of the Queen. The truth simply is that this proclama- tion has been issued in the interest of Ireland herselfâto protect her peaceable citizeus against the wild and lawless outrages which other- wise might result from a development of Fenian- ism. The proclamation is made on the principle that prevention is better than cure; it comes from no spirit of hostility to public liberty, but it is an effort to preclude that liberty run mad which always necessitates tyranny over others. It is to be hoped that the Fenians will now see that it is utterly nseless for them to rebel against British authority. Their cause is posi- tively hopeless Their wild and mad-brained schemes have never commended themselves but to a few hot-headed patriots," who know not what true patriotism is. The great mass of their own countrymen have held aloof from them, and the world generally has laughed at them. It is the Fenians, and not the British Government, who are the real enemies of Ireland. If the Fe- nians will but give up their wild crotchets, and turn their hands to honest industry, there is no fear of Saxon oppression or any of those imagin- ary evils, the dread of which, if it has not frighted the isle from its propriety," has caused a section of the people to make themselves su- premely ridiculous, and has necessitated a decree which nofoe perhaps regret more than the Govern- ment which has issued it. MR. GOSCnEIT AXD THB CABINET. The office of Chancellor ef the Duchy of Lan- caster is in itselt a most unimportant position, but it has one valuable privilege, it gives its possessor a seat in the Cabinet. Mr Goschen, it is said, has been appointed to this Chancellorship, and he will thus have the right of advising his sovereign, and will act with far greatei weight in conjunction with his colleagues than he could have done as Vice-President of the Board of Trade. In some respects we regret the change. In the Board of Trade Mr goschen would have been at home he is emiru ntly a commercial man skilled in finance, and acquainted with the wants of the commercial community. Here he would have been an able colleague of Mr Gladstone and Mr Milner Gibson he would have been m a position to carry out to its full extent the free- trade policy which has already done so much for this country and he would have stood on van- tage around on all the great commercial questions that mi^ht arise in debate. But, on the other hand, his promotion to a seat in the Cabinet is a noble testimony to the value of personal ability, irres- eS Iml 11 '1 pective ol great family influence; while, as pr.rt of ike real governing power of the eountry-for it is ] t strong to speak 01 the Cabinet in these terms-he will be able to bnng great influence to bear on that nnportant cons 1-tut .on, question which will come betore Parliament inxt session. Mr Goschen's training am pii.yi >us oecupatioa, the turn of his mind, and the h)gn esteem in which he is held by the coimnereta community, all mark him out as pre-eminent 3 qualified to discuss the commerce and fiuance ot the country, and it is scarcely likely that the mercantile olasses will entirely lose the advan- tages of his abilities in this direction but, much as we like to see him in the Cabiuet, we confess we should have liked to have seen him in som<> post more congenial in itself to the b- nt of his mind than the Chancellorship of the Duciy of Lancaster. Mm- ¿"iilf.

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