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VARIETIES. Boos CORRECTORS.â>We are as liable to be corrected by books as by companions. Show me a land that has mountains without valleys, and I will show you a man who has joys without sorrows. TRUB COURTESY.-As the sword of the best-tem- pered metal is most flexible, so the truly generous are most pliant and courteous in their behaviour to their inferiors. Silent, patient, continuous labour does more than noisy talk or vain boasting. Silent labour accomplishes and makes visible something that is enduring; while idle talk, like the babbling of a shallow brook, evinces more noise than strength. THE POVERTY OF WEALTH.âA poor man that hath little, and desires no more, is in truth richer than the greatest monarch that thinketh he hath not what he should or what he might, or that grieves there is no I n £ e to have. ».eal FRIENDSHIP.âThe noblest part of a friend is an honest boldness in the notifying of errors. He that tells me of my fault, aiming at my good, I must think him wise and faithful-wise in saying that which I see not, faithful in plain admonishment not tainted with flattery. INSUFFICIENT TO HIMSELF.âIt is folly to suppose that men can depend upon themselves alone for knowledge or inspiration. Individuals are im- proved by association with theit fellows, by the fric- tion of other minds. The man who bores you with the same stories year after year has no originality, nor ever will have until he enlarges his sphere of ob- servation. DEATH RATHER THAN BETRAYAL.âMariana, in his "History of Spain," relates that a countryman having killed Lucius Piso, the governor of the kingdom, was subjected to torture, in order to extort from him a confession of his confederates. He endured the first day's torments with invincible courage; but mistrust- ing himself on the second, he slipped out of the hands of the executioner as he was going to the rack, and dashed his head with such violence against a stone wall that he died immediately. CARE OF THE EYEs.-Sooner or later our eyesight must become impaired. When beginning to use glasses, use them as short a time as possible, only in deficient light, or on minute objects, and then in deficient light, or on minute objects, and then change the strain to distant or larger objects. By a judicious attention to these two points, the age of the sight will be retarded many years. And, as reading is one of the luxuries of the age, and one of its most delightful pastimes, we cannot be two careful of the eyesight and should study how we may best husband its powers. A WRITER OF NEWS.âMr. Samuel Crisp, who died about the year 1784, was a stockbroker, who retired from business with an easy competency. His daily amusement for the last fourteen years of his life was in throwing into the letter-box of the several newspapers slips of paper, containing short hints and broken sentences. And to gather materials for these, he travelled in the stage from London to Green- wich, and back again in the same coach, every day. The owner of the Greenwich stage, never anticipating that he would have so constant a customer, had agreed to carry him at all times for JE27 a year; but he re- fused at last to stand by his agreement, and this, with some other mortifications from the newspaper editors, who did not value his favours at quite so high a rate as he thought he merited, put an end to poor Mr. Crisp's life. A STRANGE PROPOSITION.âAn agreeable woman with whom I was intimate came one day to see me at Seaux, and said, I know that your hopes have not been realized in the situation that you occupy; that you dislike it extremely, and that you only think of leaving it. I have come to offer you another. There is a person in the world ready to settle a certain sum of money, on reliable security, sufficient to enable you to afford a small apartment at Paris, and enough to live comfortably, with a few servants to wait upon you. Nothing is required of you except that there should be a door in your apartment communicating with another house, and that you will give admitt- ance to a lady who will be your friend and will visit you frequently." This time I did not require advice as to my answer, which, as may be supposed, was a most decided negative. The lady insisted. I asked no questions, not thinking it advisable to fathom the mystery. All that I could suppose was that people were concerned who did not regard expense if their mutual intelligence were concealed. "Memoirll of Madame de Staal de Launay." THE ONE-WHEELED CHARIOT.âAn old man who called himself William Pinslow, Esquire, died at Ludlow in the year 1809. He was well known to many persons, besides his neighbours, for having, some years ago, so tamed two hedgehogs as to make them perambulate the streets with him in a degree of discipline and subjection which astonished all be. holders. In the early part of his life he was a soldier, and served under the old Cock of the Rock," during its siege by the Spaniards. In his latter years he was chiefly supported by the bounty of his opulent and benevolent neighbours. Though in the utmost degree of penury and wretchedness, he would never submit to receive parochial relief and having saved J67, he de. posited it in the hands of a friend, for the express purpose of defraying his funeral expenses, that even his interment might not be chargeable to the parish funds. Of this sum three-fourths remained untouched at the day of his death. During several years, rheu- matic lameness, occasioned and confirmed by his hard manner of living, compelled him to go upon crutches. In principle he was strictly honest; in manners civil and inoffensive, except when inebriated, as he often was, by the donations of travellers and military officers; on which occasions he was frequently conveyed home on a wheelbarrow, to the no small amusement of boys and children of a larger growth. THE JOLLY COBBLERS.âIn Flanders the Company of Cobblers not only take precedence of the Company of Shoemakers, but bear for their arms a boot with an imperial crown upon it. They ascribe this honour to the Emperor Charles V. who was fond of wandering incognito, and on a certain night strolled into a cob- bler's stall to get his boot mended. He found the cobbler making merry with his friends, and when he preferred his request, was told that they were keeping the festival of Crispin, and that no work could be done on that day for any man, even though he were Charles himself; but that he was welcome to come in and join them in drinking to St. Crispin, for they were as merry as the Emperor himself could be. As this in- vitation jumped with the Emperor's humour, he ac- cepted it, and joined them in their drinking. Here's Charles V's health," said the cobbler.â" Do you love him ? asked the Emperor.â" Love him!" said the cobbler; ay, I love his long-noseship well enough, but I should love him more if he would tax us less.' They finished St. Crispin's Day very pleasantly, and on the morrow the Emperor sent for the cobbler to the palace, and mightily surprised him by thanking him for his hospitality on the previous evening, asking him to name what reward he would like best. The amazed cobbler took the night to think of it, and on the next day appeared before the Emperor, and re- quested that the cobblers of Flanders might bear for their coat-of-arms a boot with a crown upon it. It was such a moderate request that the Emperor told him he would not only grant that but another also whereupon the son of Crispin asked that the cobblers might take precedence of the shoemakers, a request which was also granted to him. SHERIDAN'N COURTSHIP. â Whenl the celebrated Richard Brinsley Sheridan became the suitor of Miss Linley, whom he afterwards married, he had so many rivals that he had to win her not only by his talents, but by his sword. Among the admirers of Miss Linley was a Mr. Matthews, a gentleman well known in the I' fashionable circles at Bath. A paragraph inserted in a newspaper was construed to imply a reflection on the intimacy between Mr. Sheridan and Misa Linley, and traced through the printer to Mr. Matthews, who having set out for London, was followed by Mr. Sheridan. They met, and fought a duel with swords, in a tavern (now a china shop) at the corner of Henrietta-street, Covent-garden. Mr. Sheridan's second on the occasion was his brother, Charles Francis, afterwards Secretary for Ireland. Great courage and skill were displayed on both sides; but Mr. Sheridan having succeeded in disarming his ad- versary, compelled him to sign a formal retraction of the paragraph which had been published. Mr. Sheri- dan then hastened to Bath, and as it was reasonable that the apology should be as public as the insult, he caused the retractation to be inserted in the same newspaper which had been the vehicle of the calumny. Mr. Matthews had, very soon after the duel, retired to Wales, but irritated by his defeat, and wishing to have a second trial, he made the insertion of his ac- knowledgment a ground for a second quarrel, and returned to Bath in order to demand satisfaction of Mr. Sheridan for the alleged injury. A challenge was sent and accepted, although Mr. Sheridan would have t been justified, according to the most delicate punctilios of honour, in declining the call; but he silenced all the objections of his friends, and the parties met the next morning in Kingsdown each with a second, who was not to interfere, whatever might be the consequence. Having discharged their pistols without effect, they betook themselves to their swords. The first onset was fierce. Sheridan attempted to disarm his anta- gonist as before, but was baflled and obliged to close. In the struggle they both fell, by which both their swords were broken. Matthews having now greatly the advantage, by pressing on him, asked the other if he would beg his life. He was answered that he scorned to do so, and the contest was renewed. They mangled each other for some time with their broken swords. and Sheridan, having received some dangerous wounds, was left on the field with few signs of life. He was conveyed to Bath, while Matthews and his second drove off to London. Mr. Sheridan was confined for several weeks. His generous and gallant conduct, as well as his love, completely subdued the heart of tho young lady, and soon aitberwarda they Waco mcdoc ⢠The ShifBng signification of words is perpetual stumbling-block to the understanding. Compulsory goodness is impossible, for the cunrmrn of an action is in its motive, and a noble motive can never be inspired by force or fear. ADVANTAGE.âNo one could gain an advantage if all men were equally matched and equally circumstanced. He who wins always wins by some ^balance in his favour. ORIGINALITY. â We must not make too much of originality, for if all knowledge were erased, this would be reacquired, and new men would rethink and re. elaborate the old thoughts. # VIRTUB LIVING.-Virtue is a life, not merely one of life's results. It animates the heart and inspires the soul with the love of goodness, as well as controls the words of the lips and the actions of the hands. TRUE MANHOOD.âMan is composed of thought, feeling, and will, and to attain a true manhood these must not only be fully and harmoniously developed, but they must tend in the same general direction. Virtues are manifold and various; some may shine brightly while others are dim; but virtue is the central sun whose light and warmth permeate the character, and whose rays penetrate into all our daily life. EVIL CUSTOMS.âThose who see clearly and feel keenly the evils of any prevalent usage should rather study the subject in all its bearings, seeking for the causes and for those remedies which attack the root of the evil than indulge in indiscriminate and ineffectual rebuke. THE WESTBURT WHITE HoMz.âA large mm of money has been laid out on the scouring of the White Horse on Bratton Down, near Westbury, Wilts. Tons of earth, turf, and chalk have been removed, and the whole body and bearing of the figure cut into more natural shape. A low wall will be built above its back, as a barrier to debris swept down by storms. This horse is only about 180 years old. There are eight white horses in Wiltshire. The only reaUy ancient one is that in Berkshire, nngr Wantage; he is mentioned M an old horse in deeds 600 or 600 years ago. EGOTISM.âEvery sensible man drops oat of hit narrations every allusion to himself. He is oontent with putting Bis theme in its own ground. Ton abaU not tell me that you have learned to know most mm. Your saying so disproves it. You shall not tell me by their titles what books you have read* Yon shall not tell me your house is the best and your pictures the finest. You shall make me feel it. I am not to infer it from your conversation. A celebrated marshal of France said of Andrew Dorrea," It seems as if the sea stood in awe of that man," so strong waa hia personality. What a difference is there between man aDd man ia history.âEmerson. ANOTHER ANECDOTE FOR MR. DARWIN.âIn the Jardin des Plantes, at Paris, an elephant had been turned out of his house to allow of a chase of the raw that devoured his food. The rats ran about in all di- rections, and while the elephant was stooping to pick up a morsel of bread which one of the crowd had thrown to him, a rat, fancying he saw a means of escape, took refuge in the interior of his trunk. The elephant made frantic efforts to relieve himself of his unwelcome visitor, but in vain. Suddenly he paused and seemed to reflect, then he went to his basin, filled his trunk with water, and amidst the great excitement of the lookers-on ejected the water and the unfortunate rat with one sublime effort. AN ANCIENT GLASS Cup DISCOVERED.âAn interest* ing archaeological discovery h"* just been by A peasant while ploughing in the neighbourhood^ of Aries, Bouches-du-Rhone, France, consisting of an ancient glass cup. It is composed of two portions; one in simple ordinary glass forming the vase, whilst the second is an ornament in red glass superposed. This latter forms a series of ovals nnif^d by Imote curiously interlaced. On one of the sides is a Latin inscription, which has been deciphered. "Divus Maximianus Augustus." This object, therefore, be. longed to the Emperor Maximianus Hercules, who resided in Gaul for a considerable time. The cap just found has no foot, and those for festivals were almost always made so. A slave, standing behind the guest, passed it to him full and held it, when emptied, without its ever resting on the table. A GHOST STORY.-Not long after John Brown's death, one of the miners returned unexpectedly from his work in the forenoon, and to the surprise of his wife appeared in front of their cottage. She was in the habit, unknown to him, of solacing herself in the early part of the day with a bottle of porter. On the occasion in question, the bottle stood toasting plea- santly before the fire when the form of the "gude- man came in sight In a moment she had driven in the cork and thrust the bottle underneath the box. bed, when he entered, and, seating himself by the fire, began to light his pipe. In a little while the warmed porter managed to expel the cork and to escape in a series of very ominous guggles from underneath tho clothes. The poor fellow was outside in an instant crying, "Anither warning, Meg! rin, rin, the house is fa'ing." But Meg kenn'd whatjwas what fu* hrawly," and made for the bed in time to save only the last dregs of her intended potation.-Good Words. ORIENTAL MARRIAGES IN P ABIS.-Considerable in. terest has been excited in Paris by the announcement of two Oriental marriages which are about to take place. One is between the Vicomte Charles de Thonais and a young Chinese lady, a convert to Christianity, and the adopted child of a French merchant of Canton. This gentleman brought his fair daughter back with him to France, and had her educated .at a firat-claas school in Bordeaux. The young lady's name waa In-Tie, but on her baptism she added that of Marie. The other projected marriage is still more remarkable. A Japanese dignitary, attached to the embassy now in Paris, Lakana by name, young, rich and handsome, has asked and obtained the hand of Mdlle. Hebert, the daughter of a wealthy coal merchant now retired from business and living in good style. The fiancee appears only to have stipulated that her suitor should embrace Catholicism, to which request he made no demur. The Japanese are naturally a religious people. PREPARATION FOR LIFE.-There is a vast dinerence in the way persons regard the seasons of childhood and youth. Some ignore them as actual parts of life, seeing in them only a necessary portion of time, neither very important nor very interesting, to be hastened over to reach what is beyond, while others regard them as beautiful and pleasing periods, to be enjoyed and admired, yet fail to estimate their grand purpose as a means of preparation for mature and responsible life. Both are right in what they affirm, and wrong in what they discard. Childhood is an actual existence, with it 3 own peculiar relations and duties, hopes and fears, joy and sorrows, successes and failures. If it appeals to us in all its attractive helplessness, it yet claims our respect, and the smile with which we greet it should never be wreathed in contempt. Still it is chiefly as a season of preparation that youth attains its true dignity. There are few, even among parents, who realize the full significance of the fact that the little ones they now pet and fondle as pretty playthings will in a few yews take their places aa effectual powers in the world, invested with full responsibility ""l abun- dant influence. CHARITY SERMONS.âSR "Irfhur Helps somewhere suggests that clergymen would be more successful in attacking the pockets of their flocks if they sent round the plates before instead of after the sermon, with the understanding that if they gave liberally they should be let off from the sermon altogether. The experiment might be worth trying, although it would be unnecessary if charity sermons were modelled upon Swift's well-known laconic appeal. A more modern instance of the efficacy of brevity in a good cause may be cited. M. Dupanloup, the eloquent Bishop of Orleans, preaching in behalf of the distressed workmen of Rouen, contented himself with sayingâ"This is no time for long sermons, but for good works. You are all acquainted with the calamities of those whose cause I have come this day to plead. Once upon a time, a king, whose name is still cherished by us, said to his companions in arms, on whom he thought with reason he could rely,' My good friends, I am your king; you are Frenchmen. Yonder is the enemy; let us niarch., I will not address you in other words to-day than these. I am your bishop; you are Christian. Yonder are, not our enemies, but our brethren who suffer; let us flee to their succour I" The result was the col. lection of more than six hundred pounds. HENRY VIII. AND CATHERINE or AMULGOM.â When he renounced her in the presence of Fox at Richmond Palace, he was only fourteen years of age, a stranger to the power of love, ana innocently blind to the exciting light of female eyes. But as he grew in years the memory of that act would stay with him, and his occasional vision of the foreign lady in his father's house would keep her image fresh in mind. The mystery of their separa- tion could not fail to rouse his ouriosity. Why should he not prattle with her, play with her on the lute and harpsichord, take lessons from her in Castilian? He was learning Spanish, why not learn it from her lips? This must have sent his fancies wandering into rosy paths. Nor was her beauty of such a nature to be lost on such a boy -a boy who, in his length of limb, his ruddiness of cheek, his purity of life, his love of enterprises and labour, was a type of what was best in English youth. Her lovely eyes, her fair complexion, her abundant hair, and even that breadth of feature which an artist might have called her fault, would seem to him, so sturdy and so vast in bulk, the fitting properties of a royal mate. That Catherine loved the Prince, that she was always trying to be with him, and to please him, he must soon have been aware. When he was sixteen years of age the question of Juana had been raised. Eventa seemed nigh that would have cleared the ground; and while the messengers were speeding to and fro, the Prince and Princess were allowed to see each other oh the footing of a youth and maid who may ere long be man and wife. What boy of sixteen summers could resist the coquetry of a woman Riy years older than himealf ?âJlepworth Dix&ft Tim Owns."