ο»Ώ .5f,.\00>).,"tΒ‘.,... - THE WAR f .,''.....f.":'1'|1878-01-19|The Cardigan Observer and General Advertiser for the Counties of Cardigan Carmarthen and Pembroke - Welsh Newspapers Online
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5f,. 00>)., "t¡., THE WAR f f.1' THE TURKI33 PARLIAMENT. The Vienna correspondent of the Times, under date Jan. 14tb, says: The accounts to band from Constantinople leave no doubt that opinions there about the lurkish Parliament have undergone a con- siderable change. There are men now not disposed to sea m it a device merely for throwing dust in1,0 the eyes of Europe, but who begin to look at the new institution irt a more serio"9 light, and^ to tegkrd it as a factor which must be token into account. The late change in the Ministry is in no small measure attributed -to it.) Far from showing a spirit of servility, the in- dependence displayed by the Chamber is so strong that the apprehension is rather entertained lest it should monopolise all control. The President-Elect la very difterent from his predecessor, allowing great freedom of discussion. The present Chamber, too, 13 ve^y unlike the previous one, and no longer consists ot a confusion of elements. In it are^t° b0 seen the beginning of a party organisation, *hich is simple enough—on one side those who are ready to approve everything said or done by the Government, whatever that may be, and on the other those who are deeply imbued with the earnestness of their task, and seemed determined to fulfil it; and these form the majority bv far. Their leading idea, and one which holds them'togther, is to vindicate. for the Chamber a real right of control over affairs by making the Ministers responsible for their acts. The gross mismanagement of affairs which has occurred and the untold misery to the country thereby occasioned have afforded'them a rare opportunity for making a breach in that svstem of absolute and irresponsible rule; and they seem to have been kept back by no considerations, for during the debate on the Speech from the Throne which ended in the vote of censure against the Ministry several members spoke out boldly, to the effect that it was no excuse for the Ministers to say that they had received orders from the Sultan to &3 • p°ne' ?n Previous Assembly even tb0 T™ formation displayed by some of the members was matter of surprise, and this seems to be much more the case in the present instance. 'Curiously enough, among those who have ren- dered themselves conspicuous are men from the n* °f the <^1. Smyrna, Janina, f A°atolia> and Adrianople are the fiiit nf n and yet they display an alC« j iC?u which could scarcely have xu ^ed scarcely be said that Vod nnn foken in the Chamber is not hplnc 0ur in 4119 Palace, and efforts are being made to convince the Sultan that the Oppo- 9Ln?iaVi ? ..?^9fen?'oacbin& upon his Sovereign power, though hitherto, xt seems, without success. PITIFUL CONDITION OF TURKISH PRI- SONERS T c°p,re8P°Bdent; of the Times, dating 'tlVe received from Df- Baker, who 15 P ng Wlth Dr- Sandwbh, the following information concerning the Turkish prisoners: PUTINE, Jan. 2. and 4000 Turkish pri- 8 nard Ti! through here with a Roumanian £ • „ were the personification of abject fZ.' r 7^othed, and nearly 50 per cent, suffer- "gvfL7,frnblte- • Great numbers fell out on the ArJa ftTiri ln the snow and died, and the S gS are now eatinS ^em, as I have seen I WIth my OWn eyes. The Roumanian Guards, who ° ,anch of course, more regularly fed Viarshne Priaoners, treat them with great SSSTf 1 hav° 8een them beati°S the p°°r not ma v°r ,no ot^er reason than that they could mone? /urther' and nearly all who had Ia"oney cOlEPlain of having been robbed by «.lsn ii Roumanian officers themselves were Yesterday Baron Benkendorf, the oivinwVi-n j6 P8ian Red Cross Ambulance, was frnm fi.n &1M* ^00<*to a P00r Turk who had fallen hv «> w^en a Roumanian officer who rode h« wr>nir)6fl J16 laushed at him, and told him that went a ffioT plenty of such work to do if he only nfficpi* Txrr\" ijersts ^urtker back. Another Roumanian ff ™ot allow his prisoners to accept some the nnn/ by a afc tlai8 P^ce, although auitifnnfHC+reatUres were thoroughly exhausted and i, resume the march in such weather as "Rfiftiim c*!?' thermometer showing 20 deg. auiffl hrV3 j08*" Most of the Turkish officers seem quite broken down and appear very grateful to the Russian Red OrQSs for the hospitality which it is able was h Jd ^em\ 0ae Turki8h colonel> however, h« ™ J VI P ?86, Upon being asked what °v *n excess of the usual ration, h^inor1^ White bread and brandy.' On that i, there was no such bread, he replied waa,1Joi accustomed to eat bran, and after Frpn«uS j bl;aDd.y Save his opinion that it was not jv0 onnD<7 1e™ned witil a gesture of scorn, thn V, • poor wretches sleep nightly in f 11 n ri a 08P^tal barracks erected by Dr. Sand with with o • the Russian Sick and Wounded Aid '• aD(^ literally thousands owe their lives to hv riend'y shelter and the good cheer furnished well r°Q dorf and his staff. Those who are h resume their march the next day, but many Turk ° day.9 anc* even weeks. Many of the IrnnJLvT arrived here yesterday were literally t up by the hardships of the march, and had firriro^iUartepec* 'a tbe barracks. Dr. Sandwith re to-day with Mr. Yilliers, of the Graphic, aGe the tour of the quarters occupied by the ?ovS^er8, T-ke poor fellows were overwhelmed with i»L en Sandwith spoke to them in their own «. J; and they poured out their complaints in a Continuous flow of words. Nearly all of them ey Were half famished, and most of them mhtP f "L that the Roumanian soldiers had Htrna i j m.?f their money. One poor fellow strug-gled with his desooiler and thereby lost j 011 y. 8 Purse, but the upper haif of his trousers. th« sympathise with the sufferers, as I spent n{ja j"ght of the New Year's Eve on the road, and nearly lost my nose, toes, and fingers from the and if I had been in the half-famished T f tialf-clothed condition of the Turkish prisoners, feel quite certain that my history would have been 1 tbD t0 tbe end of the last chapter. War in this er ia terrible, and presents a picture quite 8 -"toss Thompson's pretty soldiery standing in 6 8n«w wearing parade uniforms, and some of bodies >>^ar'n^ n'ce dean vermilion wounds on their THE CAPTURE OF NISH BY THE SERVIANS. After difficult passages over apparently impassable mountains the Servian flag now waves over the walls of NISh. i The Servians had their first encounter with the Turks on the 4th inst. at Ohichela, Brozbrod, J3arbanovatz, and Belotina. The Turks attacked them wice on that day, but were repulsed. On the 5th the Servlans captured several positions before Nish. On the oth the Turks attempted to make a sortie with g"Pe"or forces, but they were not successful. On the oth tae Servian left wing took by assault Markovo 777 which was bravely defended by the Turkish ln antj7i supported by artillery; while on the same vty i risllt wing captured the fortification of Vlasso Ordo. From this position, on which the Servians placed their cannon during the night, they bombarded Goritza Tabia, from where the Turks made repeated sorties, in the hope of regaining their positions, but they were repulsed. On the 9th inst. the heavy guns were got into position and brought into action. During this time the Schumadia and Morava Corps, with the Branitchevo Brigade, were engaged « before yanika and Abdi Pasha Tabias, both of which positions were taken after a desperate fight on the part of the Turks. The terms for the capitulation of Nish have been concluded Mill6611 °l°nel Leehaian, the representative of Prince f and Halil and fiashid Pashas, the Commanders oi msh. They are as follows: 1. The ammunition, u> 1dS8I and other Government material will remain in the same state as when the Convention was signed. 2. The soldiers will lay down their arms; they will not be treated like prisoners of war, but will be sent viana °<i A, region now occupied by the Ser- at 'l i Wizens, whether Mussulman or Christian, will n their arms; but if they own property, 1 «J ? returned to them when thi normal state is fn am*63 bed. 4. The Servian Regent vouchsafes Ufa 7li0neuPerfect security of property, honour, and nofmitt a "habitants who desire to leave the town are a nno ki 8°' their removal is made as quickly f, ? 81 p- All officers ann citizens may retain their swords in recognition of their bravery. mv n W-OCKADE OF ERZEROUM. •, aJ: y News special correspondent at Erzeroum wrItes as tollows, Dec. 26 We are blockaded. For the last two days the Russians have been showing un- "8U,aiactl"ty in the Olti Valley. The Turks,tried °J 6 villages at the mouth of the valley, but Tfi „6a e.n back by a superior cavalry force. Muhir All, a celebrated guerilla chief on the Turkish V i'. ''a8 pt through the thigh in a ca>alry Lrrl ear mi"5 village of Kirsk the day before ■f a^» w 8 Russians are now in tbe immediate ^t /zer°um, about two hours'distant in tho pi am t ween this and the Trebizond-road. Probably tbe telegraph wiu be cufc to-day. Dec. 27.- k*?" -^asha l6ft Erzeroum on Christmas T'" :i 1T> 8?1 esc°rt of four thousand men, leaving la to command lhe town. Com- munications, telegraphic and postal, are still open, but. I expect that this letr.er will be the last from Erzeroum. The Russian column which threatens to cut ouracommuiiicatlona consists mainly of cavalry. Fourteen field guns atso support it, and four battalions of mrantry, iu UU 7000 or 8000 mea>—X)ec. 28.—The uation is unchanged. Mukhtar Pasha is recalled to ■instantinople. The general belief here is that he snt away from Erzeroum to organise a new army to ise thesiege in thespring. Some8000 men are at Bai- ( rt, to intercept the Russian turning movement by the f pir Dagh, to the right of the road of Trebizonde. ost serious dispositions are being made for the de- ice of the place. It is believed that Erzeroum 'I 11 hold out till the relieving army comes to help it. Jon't believe thij, The Armenians are already jculating on the favourable change the Rassiin .-upation will, bring about. I have been often Ited t° v'sit the town, only one year after .Russians may be in possession, in order to witness wonderful change for the better which will take ge. The Russians occupy the village of Henzig. usaians occupy ■aral Heyman is in the village of Shafta. Several Alions are in the Olti Valley. Tergukasoff is in Jiillag6 Henaig with a lar.e force of cavalry. san see the enemy's troops mancsavring from •rai»Parfs. Yesterday the entire telegraph and apparatus were despatched from roum Baiburtr with the view of re- P >g the breaks. The chief danger seems ° tbe eloping movement of tbe Russians in the Vn!\iate vicinity of Erzeroum, a movement en masse. 've that Erzeroum practically is lost; but think Pro>ly it will make a better defence than Kars. Mohemed Pasha, virtually in command, is the rat soldier in the army of Anatolia. DANUBE AND THE RUSSIAN OOM- T MUNICATIONS. following is from a correspondent at Mimmi- £ ea'ited January 8 Since .the break ing of thebridges Sistova and Simnitza communication across ?Aube has been kept up by pontoons rowed by sal <L rpjjg river is full of large masses of floating J5e' bich renders the service a dangerous one. persons were drowned in attempting the passe in a private boat. The trip, formerly oCCJ*Tig a few minutes, now takes from one to ffi«lour8" pontoons are crowded with on duty and deeply laden with m0", -in boxes and sheepskin coats. No other S°°t J3 taken. Oa the 6th and 8th the fog lntcr- ruptetjg traffic, and it is likely to be often inter- ruP vby the same cause. Only a hard frost by freeZI\he Danube over, can allow of the full pas- sa £ e the necessary stores. Enormous quantities o° Pro\ons aid clothing are stocked in Simnitza. ~|ar aSy arrive with more. Hay is not to be bought. t cattle, fed alone on Indian corn, die in mbers, and the difficulties, always great, of ra Grtlng. supplies from the railway at Fra- tf9. ? < Giurgevo, will be increased greatly by this a Either of the following causes will bring all trau^j. to a standstill. A thaw will render every r°9 T^t%sable, every small stream a torrent, and the D, for some time a still more dangerous nver, b detaching large masses of ice at present adhering^ banks. Snow will block up the r°-ii'' by making each load harder to draw tlf1 a ^ra^t cattle, at present worked to release from their miserable life. can be of service. The question arises, it ftJ, continues, whence are the ranks daily thinning, njea and bullocks to be filled ? Already earts r surrounding countries can be seen in Simm Zft. rabla, ]jUngary, Wallachia,andMolda- yia are kaented by both man and beast. Carters unab e igi their contracts of delivering theii loads in \a> and ruined by the war prices here, are jnninS away, leaving the contractors under w work losers by reason of the large advances already made them. In Bucharest may be seen containing bread and biscuit, sheep- skin coa s, in Rusgia for the army, and senl away ifo™ Ve two months ago, which have nel only no eefl}elivered but it is not known where they are, so j8 the confusion. These goods have to e.rded by the carts I have alluded tc as at Bimni of those now on the road between Fratesti an place, 0JP eise by the new line ol railway jus .ngtructed between these two places. oPt^Viftth0 railway, in two spots it is so ex- posed that tn%ghtest wind drifts the snow ovei the li°e an makes it impassable. The engines are old, »im^. worn out, some of the worsl having leaky boilers, so that in the distance between ^ra and Bucharest (thirty-five miles) the engme 8Ioften to leave the train on th( line to go 1in 8\ch of water. The passenger trail that left hue ai for prateati at 9.50 ajn. on the 7th took .i^Jjiours to arrive at the latter place The train Eelingivo at 6 a.m. on the 8tl arrived at JJUCII AFC LQ 3() A M_ QN THE 9FCHI THII aptly descr ra^way communication. CHA^E p MINISTRY IN TURKEY. The JA resigned, and a new Cabinet has been consw u *ymp08ed of the following members Hanifii P**5 a,1ut Vizier; Server Pasha, Ministe; for Forfc,?n Savfet Pasha, Minister of Justice Said Pasha, ln*er 0f the Interior; Sadyk Pasha Minister 0 ^5ms; Kiani Pasha, Minister o Finance; Anmea^fyk Ministec 0f Publi instruction. AND Russia. A telegram r i Q0n8tantm0ple, Jan. 11, says It is stated in o c »c;rcjea ^er0 that Mr. Layard ha informed iror t accor(jiDg to advices receivec from Lord Derby Grand Duke Nicholas, in reply ing to the telegram m Keouf pasba asking for ai armistice, jjave expreSsed his persona views when bestatflhatthe armistice would have ti be based upon the ctitions of peace. That such i the case, • J is said to have pointed out, i confirm'd j* jy °f the Grand lJuke Michael who said tha 0 w wjtbout instructions in tb matter. Mr* ^arJj8 also declared to have adde< that Lord Augustus tte Ambassado in St. Petersburg, received instructions fron Lord Derby to expresr prjnce Gortschakoff his lord ship's astonishmen atK0 non-fulfilment of the Im perial Chancellor s Pr^-ge that orders should be sen to the Russian comm^erg treat for an armistice Lord Augustus Lottusi at tfae game time to remim Prince ^ortscha^kott r nQ 8tipUlation had beei made-in regard to the Cjgtjce being dependent upoi the conditions of peacef" CAPTURE OF TH TURKISH ARMY OF IPKA The Grand I^e^%ias telegraphed the fellow ing despatch to the mL0r of Russia,from Lovtcha I am happy -C°^\tulate your Majesty upon 1 brilliant victory gain jug £ Qne month afte: the capture of evna Q.enerai Radetzky, afte: desperate fighting, "as arisoner the whole Tur kish army defending T^Jhipka Pass, consisting alto gether of forty-ou0 ten batteries and on regiment of cavalry, uir command of Vesse Pasha. Prince Mirsla ]ia8 occupied Kezanlik and General Skobeleff htfl ghipka." The town was nagged ^jj0nOur of General Radet zky's great victory in thejjjjpka Pass.. CAPTURE 0p SQFIA On the 3rd inst. the -H ggjan troops entered Sofia the band playinf and 8Jni ng at their head. Then were general rejoicings ai Qng the Christian popula tion, and immediately a t4(jeneral Gourko's entry 1 solemn service was ^^Tpd at the cathedral. Thii is the first time since a Christian, army ha entered Sofia. RAJDETSKY ACROKJ BALKANS. The Daily News specu correspondent writes Further details have JJogot «f the manner ii wMch the crossing of Jalkans was effected. Oi the 26th of December the i^jan troops started fron Orkhanie for Tscburjan, ayj frem Wratschesch fo: Umurgatsch and Skiliawa. fevjr the Orkhanie detach ment, which marched in tt^g columns, a new roa( was made by the Sappera^f the guard and thi Preobrbshenz Oorps. This, work was commence< on the 21st of December. loader to keep the Turki in ignorance of wbat was t\ng done possession wa taken of the village of Tscl^f jan, on the southeri slope of the Balkans, and a squadron of Astrakai dragoons stationed there pre*ented the approach o reconnoitring Circassians, The Sappers anc Preobraschenz reposed m th, village of Tschurjai during the day, and wokea at night fron the 21st till the 35th of December, when th4 road was completed, being made broad enougl for the passage of 9-pounder^ Nothing had beei observed by the Turks. On tk, 24th a snow-storn threatened to destroy the wo^ and the road wai turned into a sheet of ice, that the advance< guard, under General Rkach, had to cu steps along the path In trder to drag th, guns up. The descent frOlu the crest of thi mountain was commenced at nightfall on th, 26th, as in thedaytim0 the movement would be visible from Arab-Konak and Schando»nick. The descent was more difficult than the ascent, the southern slope being so steep that the guns had to be let down from tree to tree by means of ropes. The ammunition cases were let down ewpty» and the ammunition was carried in the hands of the soldier^ On the 27th the vanguard began to assemble in Tscburjan, and General Gourko, having personally superintended the crossing, only arrived in that villas on thg evening of the 26th. The whole Orkhanie did lIet enter Tschurjan until the 31st, thus taking six days and six nights to accomplish a passage of which the distance is only fifteen versts, so enormous were the difficulties to be overcome. General column, which started from Wratschesch, encountered Btill greater obstacles the guns had to be discounted from the carriages and placed upon hedges. While cross- ing the mountain this column received orders to chango its direction, and 1D8tead of advancing upon Scbiljawa to proceed to Tachurjanas it had been ascertained by a reconnaissance that the Turks had fortified a new position near TasebkiseBa, which the Russians intended to attack. General Woljaminoff arrived at Tschurjan on the 30th Dee. The Turks, not having observed his movements in time, were unable to prevent his passage, and they therefore de- termined to await the Russians in the fortified position near Taschkisena. Here was fought the engage- ment of the 31st of December, which resultei, as j already announced, in the repulse of the Turks. Details have also been received of the engage- ment of the 2nd inst., at the occupation of the bridge over the Iska, near Wrasthdebna, eight versts from Sofia. The troops engaged were the advanced guard under General Ranch, consisting t-, of the Preobraschenz and Iamailou regiments, and a brigade of rifles of the Guard. The fight | lasted an hour and a half, and was decided by ft turning movement effected by the Preobraschenz; troops, who crossed the L-ker on the ice, whereupon the Turks abandoned their entrenchments and fled to the Sofia bridge, which they set on fire. The Rus- sians extinguished tbf) flames, and thereupon the ar* tillery crossed the bridge. COLONEL BAKER TAKEN PRISONER. In the affair at Taschkisena on the 31st ult., the English Colonel Baker, who took part in tbe fight- ing, was wounded and taken prisoner. On the Rus' sianside General Mirkowitsch was severely wounded. ————————————

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