OUR AUSTRALIAN COLONIES.|1878-01-12|The Cardigan Observer and General Advertiser for the Counties of Cardigan Carmarthen and Pembroke - Welsh Newspapers Online
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TELEPHONE TALKING ACROSS THE…

THE GUILDHALL LIBRARY.

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THE FATAL FIRE AT NEW YORK.

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THE BRAHMAPOOTRA.

THREATENED GENERAL KAFFIR…

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DISTRESS IN SOUTH WALES."

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GUN ACCIDENTS AND THEIR CAUSES.

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MR. J. ANTHONY FRQUDE, M.A.,…

OUR AUSTRALIAN COLONIES.

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OUR AUSTRALIAN COLONIES. The Statistical Eegister contains a Statistical Re- turn, showing the relative position and aggregate importance of the Australasian Colonies at the close of the year 1876. The estimated mean population of the several colonies is given as follows New South Wales, 618,214; Victoria, 830,679; Seuth Australia, 218,060; Queensland. 184,194; Tasmania, 104,573; Western Australia, 27,321; New Zealand (exclu- sive of Maories), 387,465; total, 2,370.506. The reenue of New South Wales was £5,037,662; Vic- toria, £4,325,156; South Australia, £1,320,204; Queensland, £1,263,268; Tasmania, £ 327,350; Western Australia, £ 162,189; New Zealand. £3,580,494; total, £16.016,128. The proportion of the revenue of 1876, raised by taxation, is thus stated: New South Wales, il,161,406; Victoria, £1,780.392; South Australia, £445,548; Queensland, £568,776; Tasmania, £215,639; Western Australia, £85,178; New Zealand, £ 1,350,025; total, £5,606,964. The rate of taxation per head of the population was, in New South Wales, £1 17,. 7d.; Victoria, £2 3s. 2fd.; South Australia, £2 Os. 10ld.; Queens- land, £3 3s. 1°¥1.; Tasmania, £2 Is. 3d.; Western Australia, £3 2s. 4-fd. New Zealand, £3 9a. 8Id.; total, £18 8s. Od. The value of imports was as follows: New South Wales, £13,672,776; Victoria, £15.705,334; South Australia, £4,576,183 Queens- land, £3.126,559; Tasmania, £1.133,003 Western Australia, £386,037; New Zealand, £6,905,171; total, £45,505,083. The value of exports is stated as follows: New South Wales, £3,003,941; Vic- toria, £14.196,487; South Australia, £4,816,170; Queensland, £3,875.581; Tssœa.nia. £1,130,983; Western Australia, .£397,293.; New Zealand, £5,673,465. The number of miles of railway open on December 31, 1876, was, in New South Wales, 554 Victoria, 702 South Australia, 328 Queens- • land, 298 Tasmania, 1724; Western Australia, 38; New Zealand, 718; total, 2810i. In New South Wales there were 513,840 acres under crop, 366,703 I horses, 3,131,013 cattle, 24,503,388 sheep, and 173,604 pigs. In Victoria there Were 1,231,105 acres under crop, 194,768 horses, 1,128.265 cattle, 11,278,893 sheep, and 175,578 pigs. In South Australia there were 1,514,916 acrea under crop, 106,903 horses, 219,441 cattle, 6,133.291 sheep, and 102,295 pigs. In Queensland there were 85.569 acres under crep, 133,625 horses, 2,079,979 cattle, 7,315,074 sheep, and 53,455 pigs. Ihe figures just given for Queensland are those of 1875, be- cause, owing to the floods in the western district, it was impossible to complete the returns of the year 1876 for the districts of Cunnamulla and Blackall. In Tasmania there were in 1876 127,282 acres under crop, 23,622 hones, 124,459 cattle, 1,755,142 sheep (not including 13,643 sheep on islands-in Bases Straits), and 60,681 pigs. In Western Australia there were 45,933 acres under crop, 33,502 hones, 54,058 cattle, 899,494 sheep, and 18,108 pigs. In New Zealand there were 2,682,755 acres under crop (including 2,202,645 acres of artificial grasses, and exclusive of 257,954 acres of land broken up, but not under crop), 99,859 horses, 494,917 cattle, 11,704,863 sheep, and 123,921 pigs. These latter figures for New Zealand, it should be observed, are taken from the Census of 1874, as no account of stock has been taken since that date. Lastly, each of the colonies had a Public Debt—via., New South Wales, £11,759,519; Victoria, £17,011,382; South Australia, £3,837,100; Queens- land, £6,948,586; Tasmania, £1,520.500; Western Australia, £185,000; and New Zealand..£18,677,111 —making a total of £59,890,198.

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PROVINCIAL FREE LIBRARIES.

A ROMANTIC STORY.

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