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LONDON CORRESPONDENCE.

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FOREIGN AND COLONIAL. },

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FOREIGN AND COLONIAL. } The squatters have their eyes on the terri- tory along the telegraph line from Adelaide .1 to Port Darwin. It is reported that Dr. Browne has taken up over 2000 square miles of land at Newcastle Waters, 1500 miles from Adelaide; and about 6500 square miles on the Katherine and Fitzanaurice Rivers, 1770 miles dis- tant, for pastoral purposes. A party starts shortly to take charge. They take 7500 sheep, 2200 cattle, eighty horses, and twelve months- provisiors. The New- castle country is to be first settled, and more cattle from Queensland and sheep from South Australia will be obtained for the Katherine and Fitzmaurice Rivers. It is also intended to establish a horse station, to breed horses for India, and eventually to combine agricultural with pastoral pursuits, and if necessary to import labour from the Madras coast. From Port Darwin comes news that Mr. Sergison and party have returned. They | report having discovered splendid country on the j Daly, Fitzmaurice, and Victoria Rivers. The climate is stated to be cool, and there are running creeks in all directions.âSydney Morning Herald. The Report of the Ministerial Department of Crown Lands and Public Works at the Cape has recently been published, showing, among other information, the progress made in railways during the past year. A total of 1411 miles are now open for public traffic in the colony, consisting of 58 miles of the main line from Capetown to Wellington, 64 miles of the Ceres road and Worcester Railway, six miles of the Wynburg branch line, and 131- miles of loop line from D'Urban-road to Mulders Vley. The total capital expanditure on the open rail- ways of the Wt stern system to December 31, 1876, was £ 1,259,313. During the year 620,513 passengers were carried (irrespective of season ticket holders), against 581,349 n 187:1, the average fate being Is. 7d. against Is. 4d. in 1875. A total of 97,206 tons of goods were carried, against 89,521 tons in 1875, the average charge per ton being 13s. Oid. in 1875 against 12s. 9id. in 1876. A total of 279,737 miles were run during the year, at a cost of 5s. Id. per train mile, as compared with 5s. 7-jd. in 1875 and 6s. 2-jd. in 1874. No fatal accidents occurred to any passengers. The report of the Eastern district shows that at the end of 1876 a total of sixty-seven miles of railway were open severally between Port Elizabeth and Sand Flats, and between Zwaartkops Junction and Uitenhage. The working expenses of these lines averaged nearly 6s. 3id. per train mile, but as yet, owing to the limited lengths open for traffic, the rail- way has hitherto been unable to compete with the ox- waggon. A line is also in process of construction between East London and King William's Town, a distance of ninety miles, at a cost up to the present time of £ 805,923. A total of from 1300 to 2500 men have been employed on this line, of which from 800 to 1850 were natives, 102 artisans, and 72 navvies having been imported from Europe in 1876, making a total of 587 men of these classes engaged since the com- mencement of the works. A total length of 56 miles is now opened for passenger traffic in this district. The Sydney Morning Heraid states that the British Consul at Same a had "levied the following fines on the Native Government: 810,000 for collision witb the Barracouta a similar amount for insult to Commo- dore Hoskins; and a similar amount for threatening the British Consulate. Pending the decision of the Imperial Government the islands are held as security. The statistics of marriages and baptisms through- out Prussia for 1875 was some time ago published by way of showing that the introduction of civil mar- riage and registration had not, as was feared by many, materially damaged the observance of the religious rite. Berlin only, with some of the other large towns, displayed a great neglect of religious observances. The results for 1876, as lately embodied in a paper issued by the Supreme Church Council, lead to the same conclusion. The percentages of marriages in which the religious ceremony was sought after the Civil Act is as follows in the eight Prussian provinces and in the capital: Rhineland, 96 Westphalia, 95; Posen, 94 Pomerania, 90 Prussia, 89; Bradenburg (without Berlin), 86; Silesia, 83; Sachsen, 82; and Berlin, only 29. The small principality of Hohenzol- lern shows only 54 per cent. Besides the capital, the larger towns of Magdeburg, Stettin, and Breslau have an evil reputation. Of the registered births in Prussia, 92 29 per cent. were presented for baptism. The French Government wishes to send an Extra- ordinary Ambassador to Madrid on the occasion of the marriage of King Alfonso. M. de Banneville was at first spoken of for the office; but it is now understood that the Due d'Audiffret-Pasquier, President of the Senate, will be asked to undertake it. There is a great deal of talk in diplomatic circles of a letter written by the ex Queen Isabella to her son, the King of Spain. It is said that the document in question was brought about by the rumours which have been circulating on the subject of the interview between Don Carlos and the ex Queen, and its contents are reported to be of an excessively warm character. It is understood that the Shah of Persia will visit Paris incognito during the Exhibition. His Excellency Mirza Ali Khan has arrived already in Europe, to prepare the itinerary of his Persian Majesty. Bishop Strain has arrived at the Scotch College in Rome. The business of the Scotch hierarchy is now engaging the earnest attention of the Congregation of the Propaganda, and the bulls for its restoration will contain an historical preamble drawn up from materials supplied by the Rev. Dr. Campbell, Vice Rector of the Scots College in Rome, and by Monsignor Oretoni, the archivist of the Propaganda. The ar- rangement cannot be completed until February. Most probably there will be two archbishopsâDr. Eyre, of Glasgow, and Dr. Strain, of St. Andrews. The latter was consecrated a bishop by Pius IX. in person in 1864. The Primatial See of Scotland is that of St. Andrews. A Cape newspaper says: By the Union Royal Mail steamer Natal, from Zanzibar, we learn that grave fears are entertained as to the safety of Captain Elton, who, with seven others, went on an exploring. cruise up the Lake Nyassa, a short time since, in a small boat. The party was composed of Captain Elton, Dr. Stewart. Hon. G. Dawney, and Messrs. G. Downei, Rhodes, R. Fairlie, Hoste, and Cotterill. It appears that they expected to be away twelve days; but for seven weeks no news had been received from or of them. It is just possible that they have gone on a shooting expedition; but the apprehension is that in one of the sudden squalls to which all lakes are liable they have been capsized. The weather had been very gusty, and the boat had but little fresboard. The vessel thev were in was the little steamer Ilala. Mr. Allan, the blacksmith of the Church of Scotland party, came from Quillimane in the steamship Natal. He informs us that he left Blantyre on the 10th of October. Captain Elton and his party, together with Dr. Stewart, Dr. Laws, Mr. M'Faggan, and Mr. Simpson, Mr. Ootterill, and Mr. Crooks, boatman, went to the top of Nyassa for the purpose of landing Elton's party. The others were to come back to Livingstonia for servants and luggage. The orders of Dr. Stewart were for the Ilala to be ready to weigh anchor for returning in ten days, but over six weeks elapsed, and they had not returned. This was looked on with apprehension, as Dr. Stewart was punctuality itself whenever possible. Mr. Allan, however, is far from losing hope, believing that some unforeseen delay has arisen. The semi-official Provincial Correspondence says "The Porte's request for England's mediation, with a view to the commencement of negotiationa for peace, was doubtless communicated by the English Govern- ment to the Cabin^j of St. Petersburg principally with the idea of making known there the readiness of Turkey to make overtures for peace. The real nego- tiations, according to the actual position of affairs must, of course, be entered upon in a direct manner between themselves by the two belligerent Powers."

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A NEW TRADE BETWEEN AMERICA…

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RUSSIA, TURKEY, AND ENGLAND.

MR. FORSTER, M.P., AT BRADFORD.

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THE WAR. \i1 m a

WAR ITEMS.

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WILLS AND BEQUESTS.

.WHICH IS THE BEST PAVEMENT?

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